In this paper, we examine the correlation between corruption perceptions of a particular person and the person’s surrounding people. The relevance of this task is obvious in the context of the great attention paid to the fight against corruption in modern society, and also due to the fact that the available scholarly literature mostly discusses the behavior of bribetakers and their economic motives in deciding on a bribe, while the motivation of the bribe-giver, including the attitude towards corruption in society is also of great importance. An assumption was made about the mutual influence of opinions within a social group, a method was proposed to assess the degree of this influence using the characteristics of the social network graph. An analysis was carried out involving six survey groups of students from four Russian universities. It included primary data analysis and application of the proposed method for assessing the degree of influence. Our results show that there is a significant influence of the surrounding people on the person’s corruption perceptions, which opens the question of finding the qualities in the groups that produce different levels of influence.
The article reviews the extant approaches in psychology and human resources management to the concept “employee engagement”. Authors consider its evolution and offer to narrow and specify the concept with accent on its behavioural component, namely, normative and above-norm behavior in the concrete organizationEmpirical part of the article is based on results of a survey conducted in 2014 and presents comparison of employee engagement of the different status groups of Russian travel agency staff
The article suggests the analysis of factors influencing academic success of the first year university students. Analysis was held with the help of statistics methods and methods of data mining. For the initial data the researcher takes information about students obtained by on-line system, which supports the educational process in HSE - LMS (Learning Management System). The research identified those students who are under the risk to have academic failure. The results of the research were presented in the form of recommendations to the supervisors of the relative educational program to pay attention to the students under the risk and to help them in their studies (individual recommendations of a teacher, additional lessons, etc.)
This paper presents the results of a theoretical and empirical study of collective habituses rooted in a classical type of a Russian university and of their impact on the socialization of the students, their chances of getting high-quality professional education and their future social status. The object of study is the faculty of social sciences and humanities of a classical University, Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod, that has experienced a rapid growth in the post-perestroika period. In the course of a standardized questionnaire survey, the opinions and assessments of students of the first and last years in all areas of studies were collected on a wide range of issues affecting their studies and life in an innovative university. As a result of the analysis of the data obtained, conclusions were formulated in the context of P. Bourdieu’s theory of capital and habitus on the role of the University as a significant agent of students' socialization, of shaping their attitudes towards professional life, the grounds for maintaining and/or developing social inequality in society. In practical terms, the results of the study provide the basis for developing a model of academic supervision at the Faculty of Social Sciences, and for modernizing educational, research and character building work with students.
In this article, we examine the process of shaping the professional identity of doctors and teachers. The aim of the study is to consider the general transitions that individuals undergo in the process of formation of their belonging to the profession. The methodological basis of our research are biographical interviews with medical doctors and teachers in various pedagogical fields (n=16). During the analysis of the interviews, we identified two macro contexts in the identity development of teachers and doctors: personal and social. Based on this, the authors propose 5 main transitions that are important in reaching full professionalism in one's individual career. This study reveals many similarities in the development of professional identity, but also shows some barriers and the complexity of the analysis, which provides a wide field for discussion.
Active development and improvement of Internet technologies has resulted in the creation of new organizational and institutional structures in all areas of society. Some absolutely new phenomena emerge, including a new form of employment relationship, online employment. Online employment can be both a wage labor and an independent professional work. The aim of this paper is to determine the characteristics of the category of online workers who are employed in the form of wage labor and self-employment. Each of these forms of labor relations has its own specific features. The empirical basis for this study is provided by the data of a sociological research of online workers conducted in 2015 (N = 140). In this work, the author identifies the main differences between self-employment and wage labor of online workers and defines their essential characteristics. Selfemployed online workers have a significant human and social capital and are highly motivated.
Possibilities and prospects of consecutive distribution of experience and methodology of technical engineering on sphere of social sciences and their application in social practice in the form of piecemeal social engineering, including creation and development of social mapping on the basis of modern concept mapping are considered. Changes in the content of education directed on maintenance of success of described innovative activity are offered.