Сравнительный анализ правового статуса органов по обеспечению деятельности главы государства в США и Французской Республике
In the paper the author presents the comparative analysis of legal status of the subsidiary bodies providing activity of the head of state in the USA and France, defines the features of realization of competence of these structures, points out the directions of evolution of competence and problems existing in the field.
The article deals with the legal and actual status and powers of the President of France within its Republic History as the object of research. The appeal to the history of presidency and experience of its constitutional and legal regulation in the French Republic as the research subject seems to be logical due to complex of facts. Development of the theory of separation of powers in the country had a great influence on the constitutional practice and a state system in other European countries. On the way of transformation from parliamentary in hybrid, both parliamentary and presidential system, France initially was guided by the extremely complex challenge consisting in creating by the constitutional means "the strong power" headed by the President of the country as the "authoritative arbitrator" maintaining national interests in any circumstances at preservation of the principle of separation and balance of the powers, democracy, the rights and personal freedoms.
The article provides a brief analysis of the political portrait of the 42nd President of the United States, William J. Clinton, from the standpoint of Freudianism and Neo-Freudianism
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.