The article is devoted to problems of organization of local self-government in the context of recent changes in the legislation. Attention is given to issues of differentiation and redistribution of powers between different levels of public authorities in the Russian Federation. The models of organization of the representative, executive and control bodies of municipalities are considered. Possible ways of their improvement are identified.
This article examines the specifics of the citizens’ petition as an instrument of participation in local government, as well as a mean of public control over the activities of municipal government entities and their subordinate structures. Based on the analysis of Russian and foreign legislation, the problems associated with petitions ‘content, their subjects, and the limits of application of this form within the framework of public control are highlighted. The article also proposes to expand the list of local government petitions types, including the introduction of the “incentive petition”.
Considered controversial questions the effectiveness of open government, simulation activities to involve citizens in government, expert support, and public discussion of initiatives.
The article presents a study of the constitutional phrase "the basis of life and activity of the peoples living in the territory". Has this phrase the property content or not? Is phrase "the basis of life and activity" a special form of property right of peoples to natural resources? May be this phrase fixed general conditions of use and protection of natural resources and fixed the general legal regime of natural resources.
The article considers the ways and forms of competition norms of the civil and municipal law, and their effectiveness. The authors consider civil law from the standpoint of the assumptions of the substitution rules of municipal law. To determine the relationship between the norms of civil and municipal law in the first place, you should contact public and private law, their relationship. Having considered separate legislative acts of the Russian Federation, the authors propose to establish certain criteria that limit the scope of certain provisions of public and private law in regulation of civil relations in municipalities. In the system of local government operates a complex system of horizontal and vertical relations in a certain way providing performance of functions of local self-government, guaranteeing to the population receiving some municipal services.