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Article

Аграрный бизнес России в условиях ВТО: ожидания и реальность

On the eve of Russia's accession to the WTO the most critical position occupied by farmers . The reasons for this lie on the surface and were reduced to non-competitiveness of the agrarian economy against the background of a well-functioning system of state support for foreign manufacturers. After two years, it makes sense to discuss what business predictions come true, and which are not; that has brought the business practices WTO membership; how business and government bodies have learned to use the tools of the World Trade Organization to protect the interests of domestic producers. The article presents the results of research, which is based on the semiformalized interviews with the heads of agricultural associations and top managers of large agricultural holdings, as they have information about the dynamics of state industries. In the article the business strategy prior to the entry into the WTO and in the course of adaptation to the new conditions, identified the main challenges of the adaptation process. Russia's WTO membership was not for the Russian agricultural business catastrophe, as foreshadowed the most active opponents of joining the organization. However, the positive things that supporters touted the WTO (the inflow of foreign investment, lower food prices, the output of Russian producers on world markets, etc.), also did not materialize. Adaptation to the new conditions is reduced to the strategies of "defense" or "offensive", that means, respectively, minimizing negative or positive maximization associated with the WTO. The "defense" certainly dominates the rhetoric of Agribusiness.