Аборты в постсоветской России: есть ли основания для оптимизма?
The paper considers a problem of abortion in modern Russia. Using official statistics we analyze the dynamics of main abortion indicators since early 1990s. On the basis of representative national sample surveys we conclude that official statistics are complete and reliable. This in turn confirms the steady decline of abortions during the post-Soviet years.
Despite the positive trend, Russia remains one of the countries with the highest abortion rate in the world. The country’s turn to traditional values and growing role of the church are inadequate mechanisms to reduce abortions. The proven evidence based measures like promotion of family planning, sex education, etc. obtain no government support, but repression and restrictions. The authors indicate counterproductive effects of these restrictions on abortion reduction and pronatalist population policies.
The article recommends to pay more attention to improvements in quality of abortion provision, the introduction of modern medical standards and protocols.
In conclusion, the authors suggest the ways to improve the official statistics of abortions .