К вопросу максимизации прибыли при обслуживании заказов в цепях поставок
The possibility of using an approximate approach which maximize profits arising in the performance of a package of orders by choosing the best procedure for their implementation. The need to develop such an approach to be used in real-world supply chains is due to the fact that it will simplify these procedures to optimize enterprise solutions in problems of this type to take into account the increase in the rates of fines in time, scalable scheme of continuous interest. It is proved that for real-life situations that occur in practice, in finding the best possible solutions with regard to problems of this type are developed in the theory of queuing networks simple selection algorithm, which has been found for models in which the rates of fines do not change with time. This result, in turn, will greatly simplify the procedures of optimization and allow managers to find the best solution without the additional time and financial costs.
Although on the surface budgeting is seen as the main process, among the factors of its efficiency in the first place is closely associated with the process of formation of the annual operating plan. Especially, the importance of this process increases with the current trends of the transition from mass production to customization. Thus, the reasonable budgeting will be possible only if we pre-carry out detailed planning of operating activities in the physical units. The question is, what level of aggregation we can afford when planning the operations and is it necessary to make their scheduling on the stage of operational (tactical) management? In this article the approach to structuring activities based on modern organizational techniques is formulated, the methodology of formation of the annual operating plan of the company is proposed, are considered the need and opportunities for scheduling execution of orders at the annual time horizon for the enterprise with a high degree of production diversification in the conditions of orders of varying complexity and duration of execution.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management