К вопросу максимизации прибыли при обслуживании заказов в цепях поставок
The possibility of using an approximate approach which maximize profits arising in the performance of a package of orders by choosing the best procedure for their implementation. The need to develop such an approach to be used in real-world supply chains is due to the fact that it will simplify these procedures to optimize enterprise solutions in problems of this type to take into account the increase in the rates of fines in time, scalable scheme of continuous interest. It is proved that for real-life situations that occur in practice, in finding the best possible solutions with regard to problems of this type are developed in the theory of queuing networks simple selection algorithm, which has been found for models in which the rates of fines do not change with time. This result, in turn, will greatly simplify the procedures of optimization and allow managers to find the best solution without the additional time and financial costs.
Although on the surface budgeting is seen as the main process, among the factors of its efficiency in the first place is closely associated with the process of formation of the annual operating plan. Especially, the importance of this process increases with the current trends of the transition from mass production to customization. Thus, the reasonable budgeting will be possible only if we pre-carry out detailed planning of operating activities in the physical units. The question is, what level of aggregation we can afford when planning the operations and is it necessary to make their scheduling on the stage of operational (tactical) management? In this article the approach to structuring activities based on modern organizational techniques is formulated, the methodology of formation of the annual operating plan of the company is proposed, are considered the need and opportunities for scheduling execution of orders at the annual time horizon for the enterprise with a high degree of production diversification in the conditions of orders of varying complexity and duration of execution.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management