Опыт сетевого подхода к интеллектуальной истории посленаполеоновской Франции
The article reconstructs the intellectual history of the Bourbon Restauration (1814—1830) on the basis of Social network analysis (SNA) developed by Randall Collins. SNA reveals the principles and methods of self-organisation used by French thinkers in post-Napoleonic France. Special attention is devoted to the problem of interaction between intellectual and political elite. The author demonstrates how political debates turn into intellectual reflection and the production of theories.
In the introduction to the archival publication of documents by Hans Kohn the editors point out that Ab Imperio had earlier engaged with the scholar’s legacy. Kohn’s lectures published in the journal were delivered in 1919 and 1943. The editors briefly discuss Kohn’s biography. Born in Prague, Kohn became involved in discussions of Zionism early in his life. He served in the Austro-Hungarian army and spent time in Russia (in southern Siberia) as a prisoner of war. The editors argue that his understanding of nationalism was shaped by his historical encounters. In particular, Kohn’s lifelong commitment to Zionism was a formative influence on his ideas about political community. Kohn’s early embrace of nationalism was connected to his hopes for Zionism and his search for a suitable political language for describing a national community. In 1943, Kohn, by then a professor of modern European history at Smith College, had behind him several years of life in Palestine, where he worked in Zionist organizations and studied the Arab world. He also carefully observed and reported on the rise of Nazism and Stalinism in Europe. Kohn’s lecture of 1943 reflects more distance from nationalism.
The first part of this book is a collection of essays by an international set of scholars, schedding new light on Lydia Ginzburg's contribution to Russian literature and literary studies, life-writing, subjectivity, ethics, the history of the novel and trauma studies. The second part is comprised of six works by Ginzburg that are being published for the first time in English translation.
The article provides a comparison of two intellectual accounts of experiences in the First World War – From the Letters of an Artillery Ensign (1918) by the Russian philosopher and writer Fjodor Stepun and The Storm of Steel (1920) by the German essayist Ernst Jünger. The aim of this article is to reveal similarities and differences between “optics” of Jünger and Stepun who are reporting one and the same event but deal with two different images of the Great War.
The article describes technological aspects of the human rights protection at the Internet, modern problems and trends, including Web 3.0 concept.