In the article the author considers the crisis in history of the domestic African studies, occurred on a boundary of 1950-1960, and designates the major directions of its development for the following half a century.
The article studies the case of Japan as a part of a series of cultural interactions. The Spanish Jesuit Francis Xavier was the first to introduce Chistianity into Japan. Rivaling with the Jesuits, the Spanish Augustinians and Franciscans came to Japan. It was the age when the first contacts between two countries were established, and the image of Japan was created by the European missionaries.