Beyond the Humanities: A Comparison of two Bibliometric Crises in the Domain of Soviet Biological Periodicals (1917–1950)
A bibliometric crisis is defined as a more or less marked decline of basic bibliometric indicators interrupting a preceding period of stable growth or stagnation. The crises of 1930–1931 and 1941–1942 revealed from the previous studies (Kozhevnikov & Petrosova, 1991) were analysed in depth on the basis of the data on the publication of biological serials in USSR from 1917 through 1949 and a set of more detailed data on selected journals covering the period from 1921 through 1958. It is shown that even though the scale of decline of 1930–1931 was comparable to that of 1941–1942, the fine structure of the two crises and their impact on the continuity of the corpus of biological serials were different. The application of the logistic growth model to the analysis of publication of scholarly serials is discussed. It is argued that, for the purposes of our analysis, momentary data are more indicative than cumulative ones.