Evolution of the total logistics costs concept
Logistics and supply chain management (SCM) is in its development process, progressing stage after stage. The development process at the very first stage considers an evaluation criterion for evaluating effectiveness using minimum total logistics costs (TLC), which underlines the fact that, an important criterion in the development process is complete customers’ satisfaction in services, or the ‘level of service’ (SL). At the same time, the question remains open as to how to quantify the impact of logistics operations and functions on the performance results of TLC and SL. The main aim of this paper is to develop a methodical approach and to come up with a computational approach to assessing the impact of different logistics operations factors (for example, transportation, storage, orders, etc.), on TLC and SL.
For evaluating the integrated supply chains' (SCs) effective functioning, some new criteria are frequently used apart from the total logistics costs (TLC). These criteria characterise the quality and reliability of accomplishing logistics operations and functions. It is obvious that these metrics are connected and their separate representation is a consequence of not enough developed supply chains' theoretic model and, accordingly, analytical tools allowing carrying out a comprehensive assessment of these metrics. The paper presents the critical analysis of the existing approaches to the TLC evaluation and SC reliability, the methodical approach which allows evaluating the total costs indexes and supplying chains reliability. This approach includes, firstly, the equation of the total logistics costs; secondly, the reliability evaluation model of a simple supply chain which is a reserved system with a renewal; thirdly, a complex of models for the evaluation of the reliability of basic logistics operations (purchase, order processing, choice of intermediaries, transportation, warehouse placement and storage). As most indicators which describe the chain functioning are random values, to obtain the required evaluations there is a developed algorithm based on simulation.
Apart from the total logistics costs (TLC) nowadays to evaluate the integrated supply chains (SC) effective functioning some new criteria are used more often. These criteria characterise the quality and reliability of accomplishing logistics operations and functions. It is obvious that these metrics are connected and their separate representation is a consequence of not enough developed supply chains theoretic model. The paper presents the critical analysis of existing approaches to the TLC evaluation and SC reliability, the methodical approach which allows to evaluate the total costs indexes and supply chains reliability. Taking into consideration that most indicators which describe the chain functioning are the random values, to obtain the required evaluations there is a developed algorithm based on simulation.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management