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Working paper

Знают ли американцы историю? (Часть 2)

In this article the authors continue the analysis of ordinary historical knowledge of the Americans using the USA public-opinion polls’ results. As mass representations of the past are generally based on values and principles shared by the most of the population we start with the brief overview of the “American values system” explicated in polls materials. Then we describe general structure of historical knowledge giving special attention to three parameters: different components of the past (historical periods, facts and personalities); degree of interest to these components and level of knowledge about them. The special point of the article is to identify the set of “markers”, which designate and organize mass historical knowledge. First of all markers of the realm of the past are represented by Very  Important Persons an Very Important Events. As well the function of markers may be performed by different artefacts existing in the present but associated with the past.