Conflict Resolution in Russian Public Procurement: Understanding Supplier Strategies in a State Dominated System
The article covers issues of effectiveness of working capital management of a trading enterprise on the basis of the automated planning. This approach gives the possibility to use the classical methods of optimization of dynamic systems to determine the main parameters of the economic policy of the commercial enterprise for providing the best strategy for development. With using the proposed approach can be created algorithms for evaluating both managed and unmanaged risk and also for finding reasonable solutions for preventing them. When presenting the material, operational environment of the commercial enterprise is describing in traditional terms of trade and financial market, allowing its use wherever used information system "1C", in the form of incremental software complex for forecastingand optimization. The developed mathematical model allows to solve the tasks of easing the selection and justification decisions for leadership shopping enterprise: - predict a time functions, which define the mathematical expectations of the processes of change of assets and liabilities of commercial enterprise in the process of its functioning, as well as confidence intervals; - with initial set of source data - find the initial condition - authorized capital for providing strategic objectives; - with any statutory Fund - to identify primary commodity-monetary policy, expressed by set of different interest rates, some of which is set by the regulator, the other part -by market mechanisms and Treaty obligations of participants of transactions, that will allow to solve tasks at the initial period of functioning; - provide support to the enterprise operation planning in the form of calculation of efficiency of variants of produced plans and other. Results of forecasting the dynamics of the situation circulating assets are presented inan integrated graphical form, which provides an opportunity to see the full picture of the forthcoming state of current assets trade organization, and the main participants of the trade and economic activity in a given time interval.
This chapter describes basic approaches to the study of socio-psychological climate of the organization and its structural components and the formation factors, discussed problems of diagnosis of socio-psychological climate and its relationship to job satisfaction and efficiency of joint activities. General description of the conflicts in the organization, their typology and the main methods of conflict resolution are presented.
The article considers the resistance value of the parties in negotiations and mediation, are the main reasons for resistance. And offer methods of work with resistance aimed at the effective conclusion of the negotiations.
The paper presents a brief overview of theoretical and empirical literature on collusion in public procurement. We discuss the main economic models of collusion, the impact of market factors on the appearance and sustainabil ity of collusion, and the ways of hindering collusion in public procurement through different stages of procurement cycle. We also describe the main empirical and econometric models of detecting and classifying collusion in public procurement.
The paper is about sustainable public procurement as a new global trend in the development of a sustainable economy. The main question raised is the following: how sustainable public procurement could be implemented in Russia? The study aims to investigate the prospects of the implementation of sustainable public procurement in Russia. The author presents the findings of survey, covering public procurement practices of 51 contracting authorities and documentation analysis of 400 public tenders. The analysis of Russian legislation allows to determine the sections of procurement documentation, where different aspects of sustainability could be included. The conducted survey aims to identify the aspects of sustainable public procurement already used by public authorities in procuring practices in Russia. This paper provides the unique survey of sustainable procurement practices across the Russian public sector. Research also shows the prerequisites of implementation of sustainable public procurement in Russia.
The authors discuss why conflicts emerge and how they are settled in different African regions and countries. Prospects for their peaceful resolution are studied. Basing on case studies, the authors propose theoretical approaches to conflicts.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.