The book contains 17 papers presented at the Fifth International Conference on Cognitonics - Cognit-2017 (Slovenia, Ljubljana, Jozef Stefan Institute, 9-10 October 2017) as a part of the 20th International Multiconference ‘Information Society’ - IS 2017, organized by the Jožef Stefan Institute. The papers are submitted by 36 researchers from 16 countries of the world: PR China, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, India, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Pakistan, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, Sweden, United Kingdom, USA.
The first objective of cognitonics (or the science about the human being in the digital world) is to explicate numerous distortions in the perception of the world caused by the information society and globalization. The second, principal objective of cognitonics is to cope with these distortions in different fields by means of elaborating systemic solutions for compensating the negative implications of the kind for the personality and society, in particular, for creating cognitive-cultural preconditions of the harmonic development of the personality in the information society and smart society and for ensuring the successful development of national cultures and national languages.
The papers describe numerous aspects and preconditions of successful personal and professional development of the human being in modern information society transforming into knowledge society (or smart society).
The aim of the study was to find out the extent of universality of perception of the emotional tone of information for three types of stimulus material: human behavior, music, and non-musical auditory stimuli. A distinction between two aspects of emotional tone perception was proposed: accuracy of evaluation of its modality and sensitivity to its intensity. Methods to measure these two aspects were developed for three types of stimulus material. The hypothesis was proposed that sensitivity is more universal, whereas intensity is more specific regarding the type of stimuli. Empirical evidence in support of the hypothesis was found.
Period of training in a higher school is a threshold on the professional life way, therefore, it reflects the willingness to vigorously respond to all the vicissitudes of life and desire for constant self-improvement. Data collection is produced at the Higher School of Economics, Department of Management. We assumed that students with high levels of emotional intelligence must have a high rank.
In this paper, we examined Budner’s (1962) intolerance of ambiguity scale with respect to its reliability and factor structure on a sample of 1082 Russian-speaking participants. The questionnaire demonstrated a two-factor structure and showed satisfactory internal consistency (reliability) and validity. We also report on a set of correlations between the questionnaire’s scale
The article is devoted to the 80th anniversary of the prominent psychologist and educator - V. V. Davydov, who (together with D. B. Elkonin) has developed psychological base and pedagogical practices of the developing education. The main focus of the elaborated program was the development of theoretical thinking and the formation of readiness to thought and the ability for conceptual thought among school children. The article is an attempt to apply conceptualizations developed by V.V. Davydov to the analysis of thinking as such.The greatest attention is given to reflection and intuition.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.