The Health Workforce of the Russian Federation in the Context of the International Trends
The article highlights the process and results of the Russian-Japanese summit talks held on December 15–16, 2016 in Japan. It gives a brief evaluation of these negotiations and analytical overview of the reaction in political and business circles of two countries on the summit’s outcomes in terms of prospects for development of bilateral relations.
The problem of medical doctors (MDs) as a professional group has become acute since the mid-2000s when Russia began to implement “The Health” (2006–2011), a national priority project which aimed to improve the quality and accessibility of primary health care for its population. Official governmental reports regarding the implementation of the national project “Health” focus only on the material component of the reform process, namely the quantity of purchased equipment and the amount of funding spent. Until now, there has been little assessment of the sociopolitical processes involved in reforming the health care system and little understanding of whether the socioeconomic status and prestige of the medical profession have improved. This chapter seeks to fill that gap. The empirical data reported in this chapter is based on national statistics on health care reform (1995–2011) and several mass surveys of Russian physicians and the population, namely the Russian longitude monitoring survey (RLMS-HSE, HSE, 2005–2011, N = 12641), and “The prestige of the medical profession in Russian society” (Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, HSE, 2011, N = 120). The results show that the rhetoric of neoliberal reforms in the Russian system of public health care includes the professional group of doctors as a social institute in the regulation processes. In practice we observe the rather weak tendencies of medical professionalization.
The book presents multidisciplinary analysis of the various manifestations of post-urban processes in modern society, the scientific understanding of a wide range of issues: the socio-economic and cultural effects and consequences of urbanization are highlighted, features and prospects of ruralization, return migration, the search for new non-urban way of lifestyles in urbanized countries, downshifting and upshifting, the role of modern technology in these processes are described. Special attention is paid to research value grounds, which are largely stem and supported by the space of the modern city.
The book is of interest to a wide range of scientists in humanities disciplines, in particular, sociologists, economists, psychologists, philosophers, cultural studies, political scientists, geographers. The book focuses scientific attention on the new cluster of studies.
Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) is a pedagogic approach that has developed in response to the demand for integrating education in both school/university subjects and language skills. Our paper is devoted to the implementation of CLIL programmes in Public Administration within a particular sociolinguistic context: that of Russian universities. Using CLIL as a theoretically grounded framework and as an ideological platform of such an introduction, we have described Public Administration students' and matriculants' ideas on their current CLIL experience. Data comes from a survey of university students (N = 141) and formalised interviews with St. Petersburg universities' matriculants (N = 43). We draw the conclusion that their social environment is mainly monolingual and they perform daily communication in Russian. This is one of the reasons to promote CLIL as a strong methodological conception in the practice of teaching Public Administration in English in Russian higher education institutions.
MICCAI 2016, the 19th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, will be held from October 17th to 21st, 2016 in Athens, Greece. MICCAI 2016 is organized in collaboration with Bogazici, Sabanci, and Istanbul Technical Universities.
The annual MICCAI conference attracts world leading biomedical scientists, engineers, and clinicians from a wide range of disciplines associated with medical imaging and computer assisted intervention.
The conference series includes three days of oral presentations and poster sessions. MICCAI 2016 will also include workshops, tutorials, and challenges on the days preceding and succeeding the conference. These satellite events will offer a comprehensive forum to further explore topics relevant to MICCAI.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.