The purpose of the given study is to reveal the differences in values, in economic attitudes and in the structures of their interrelations between Christians and Muslims of Russia. To identify models of economic behavior we have developed a special methodology of economic behavior scenarios which allows identifying economic attitudes. Schwartz Value Survey was used for the individual level values exposure. The sample included representatives from Christian (Armenians, Georgians, Ossetians) (N = 60) and Muslim (Chechens, Dagestanians, Kabardinians) (N = 65) nations, living in the North Caucasian region in Russia. Student’s t-test was used to reveal the differences between groups. Cross-confessional comparison showed the significant differences in values on the individual level between Christians and Muslims. Also significant differences in economic attitudes were found. The structures of interrelations between values and economic attitudes are different in these two groups: some scenarios of economic behavior are predicted by values only among Muslims, some others – only among Christians. Different values have a predictive power for explanation of economic attitudes in these two groups.
This study provides findings of an empirical research of relation between religious identity treats and models of economic behavior among Orthodox Christians and Muslims. The findings enable us to infer that strong religious identity does not contribute to attitudes which reflect economic involvement. The analysis (может быть, уточнить, какой именно?) showed that there are some similarities and differences in interrelations between religious identity and models of economic behavior. The similarities are based on similar religious world views of both Orthodox Christians and Muslims, whereas the differences depend on specific features of religious identification
The article reviews the results of the study on the interaction of values and socio-economic views of Korean and Russian students. The theoretical basis for the research is the works by Russian and foreign authors in social, economic and cross-cultural psychology, as well as in institutional and behavioral economy. The theory of individual values by S. Schwartz was used for the study on values (Schwartz et al., 2012), as well as some works on interaction of culture and economy (Weber, 1978; Hofstede, 1980; Furham, 1984; Inglehart, 1997; Zhuravlev, Kupreychenko, 2007; Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2011). The objective of the research was the detection of universal and culture-specific correlations between individual values and socio-economic views of Russian and Korean students. The subjects were students of 14 to 30 years of age (157 Koreans and 211 Russians), living in Seoul (Republic of Korea) and Moscow (Russia) correspondingly. Socio-psychological survey was administered with the method of “snowball”, the content of the questionnaires in two languages was identical. The Korean version of the questionnaire was translated and adapted in accordance with the requirements of cross-cultural psychology – Think-aloud (Ericsson & Simon, 1980; Someren, Barnard, Sandberg, 1994). The results of the survey were calculated with SPSS and AMOS (exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling). The research showed that there are universal correlations of values Openness to Change with Positive attitude toward competition and between Self-transcendence and Satisfaction with material status and Importance of money. Also cultural-specific correlation was found between the block of values Openness to Change and Positive attitude toward competition in Russians and Koreans – which was positive and negative correspondingly. The acquired results and findings of the research can be used in drafting of recommendations in the sphere of crosscultural business-consulting.
We consider comparative analysis of civic identity, socio-economic attitudes and models of economic behavior in the three regions of Russia. The features of civic identity and its interconnection with models of economic behavior in the Central Federal District, the Far East and North Caucasus are shown.