The Interaction of Grassroots Communities and Local Authorities in Russia
Economics. EC. Высшая школа экономики , 2015. No. 97.
Shagalov I. L.
Taking into consideration the underdevelopment of the Russian civil community it is of essential interest to touch upon local communities (known as TOS). Local governments and TOS communities could provide similar services and as such cooperate or compete with each other. Community initiatives could supplant poorly performing government services, or governments could outsource to communities some of its functions. Based on empirical Russian data, collected in the city of Kirov this research shows that the prevailing initial incentive to establish TOS is driven by the prospect of obtaining seed money from the government. We detected sources of TOS advantages over municipal authorities: ratio of costs and benefits, sensitivity to the demands of consumers, social capital, and voluntary nature of TOS. TOS are more likely to emerge in communities where people are sceptical about the efficacy of conventional mechanisms of democratic accountability, and prefer to collaborate with municipal governments on specific projects.
, , Вопросы экономики 2019 № 5 С. 103-121
The article analyzes the prerequisites for creating TOS communities, the features of their functioning and efficiency. To do this, the authors use a variety of sources of information, including a number of surveys conducted in Kirov. Evaluation of regression models shows that the conditions for the emergence of TOSs include grassroots social capital and property ...
Added: September 4, 2018
Анализ эффективности некоммерческих ассоциаций методом стохастической границы (на примере товариществ собственников жилья)
, , , Прикладная эконометрика 2010 № 4(20) С. 75-101
The paper demonstrates the potential of the stochastic frontier-based methods of performance assessment of non-profit associations. They are commonly used for productivity analysis and could serve as an adequate tool for such assessment, especially when dealing with numerous non-profits pursuing identical and clearly identified objectives. A case in point are homeowners associations (HOA), which are ...
Added: October 19, 2012
, , Corruption Perceptions In Russia: Economic Or Social Issue? / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2014. No. WP BRP 57/EC/2014.
The efficiency of social reforms in different countries mostly depends on the extent to which they can be accepted by the population. However, even if problems are similar, the reasons may differ, which can make it difficult to apply existing laws of one state to another. Bribery is a typical problem for developing countries as ...
Added: April 11, 2014
, , , Collective Management of Residential Housing in Russia: The Importance of Being Social / Social Science Research Network. Series "SSRN Working Paper Series". 2013.
Performance of Russian homeowners associations established to manage common property in residential housing is assessed using the stochastic frontier technique. Observed performance variations are explained by tangible and intangible assets, especially tenants’ social capital required to resolve the collective action problem and ensure accountability of managing bodies and outside contractors. Without sufficient civic competence homeowners ...
Added: November 13, 2013
, , et al., Public Procurement Efficiency As Perceived By Market Participants: The Case Of Russia / НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP Series "Public and Social Policy". 2021. No. 29.
Added: July 15, 2021
Civil society in modernising Russia. Analytical report of The Centre for Studies of Civil Society and the Non-for-Profit Sector of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” according to the results of a “Civil Society Index – CIVICUS” project
, , et al., M. : Higher School of Economics Publishing House, 2011
The report “Civil society in modernising Russia” is a concluding analytical document of the ‘Civil Society Index in Russia – CIVICUS’ project run by CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation. The report was prepared by The Centre for Studies of Civil Society and the Non-for-Profit Sector of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, ...
Added: January 15, 2013
, ЭКО 2019 № 4 С. 153-172
In economics the co-production of public goods by local communities, consider quite fruitful for replacement of government failures. The article describes the practice of implementing TOS communities (Territorialnoe Obshchestvennoe Samoupravlenie) projects on co-production of social urban infrastructure. Using the cases of local communities in the city of Kirov and the data on the Russian regions, ...
Added: March 22, 2019
, , , Post-Soviet Affairs 2017 Vol. 33 No. 5 P. 411-429
Few tasks are more important in the post-communist setting than rebuilding the welfare state. We study individual preferences for increasing social welfare spending to reduce inequality. Using two surveys of about 34,000 and 37,000 Russians we show great importance of the bridging type of social capital for redistribution preferences in Russia as it precludes possibilities ...
Added: June 7, 2017
, Общество и экономика 2014 № 7-8 С. 135-148
In a low level of civic engagement is the driver of socio-economic development of the country, it is important to pay attention to the evolution of the institutions of self-organization of citizens. The article presents the results of an analysis of factors that contribute to self-organization of residence in the community of territorial public self. ...
Added: September 23, 2014
L., NY : Routledge, 2016
This book tells the untold story of how ordinary Russian people experienced and coped with Russia’s transformations after the end of communism. Unlike most studies of the subject which focus on high politics, developments in the elite and events at the centre, this book, which includes findings from interviews, memoirs, public opinion surveys and press ...
Added: June 23, 2016
, , , Latinidade. Revista do Nucleo de Estudos das Americas 2016 Vol. 8 No. 1 P. 201-223
The article discusses the features of tmigration from Russian Federation during 1990-2010-ies, that is, after collapse of the USSR. Identifed singularity-of modern accounting system of tmigration from Russia and are given real-estimate of the number of Russian immigrants based on correction data of Federal Service of State Statistics data from countries receiving Russian migrants. Identified ...
Added: July 5, 2017
, ЭКО 2015 № 4 С. 128-137
This paper outlines the place occupied by the self-organization of citizens in the community in urban development. The author answers the question: can the self-organization of citizens in the community, as an institution of civil society, to replace the local authorities? Author concludes that communities territorial public self-government is voluntary structures which complement system of ...
Added: January 27, 2015
, М. : Магистр, 2011
Пособие содержит характеристику и сравнительный анализ основных современных моделей социально-экономического развития разных стран мира. Особое внимание обращено на американскую, ряд европейских, японскую, южнокорейскую, индийскую и африканскую модели. Проанализиованы уровни и тенденции экономического развития главных капиталистических и постсоциалистических стран, а также социалистические модели и их трансформация на примере стран Восточной Европы и Китая. Большое внимание уделено ...
Added: February 13, 2013
, Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены 2012 № 6 С. 116-127
В статье анализируются общественные дебаты по теме присоединения России к ВТО, прошедшие в 2001-2011 гг. Сам факт таких дебатов, по мнению автора - событие в общественно-политической жизни страны. Объясняя, почему они были необходимы, автор рассматривает такие факторы, затруднявшие проведение дебатов, как слабая информированность их участников, мифологизация проблемы, действие сил «анти-ВТО». Приводится ряд примеров, иллюстрирующих остроту ...
Added: January 30, 2013
Сборник научных трудов Санкт-Петербургской конференции исследователей в сфере экономики, бизнеса и общества: итоги 2019 года
СПб. : Санкт-Петербургская школа экономики и менеджмента, 2019
On December 27, 2019, the HSE-Saint Petersburg hosted its first scientific and practical conference for researchers of Economics, business and society. This event was aimed at summarizing the results of 2019 in various fields of science and practice: Finance, Economics, mathematics, politics, sociology, culture, history, and education. The conference was attended by researchers from Russian ...
Added: February 10, 2020
Факторы укрепления независимости адвокатского сообщества в России: спрос населения и бизнеса, человеческий капитал и профессиональные ассоциации
, Вопросы экономики 2015 № 9 С. 89-108
The article analyzes social and economic factors that provide Russian attorneys an opportunity to compensate the institutional weakness of their profession, to protect the independency and effectively defend the interests of the clients. As an indicator of dependent position of attorney we use the proportion of cases with plea bargaining. Using the date of representative ...
Added: September 22, 2015
, The European Journal of Comparative Economics 2012 Vol. 9 No. 2 P. 279-303
The paper deals with temporary employment in the Russian labour market. The main focus is the gender difference regarding determinants of temporary employment. Unlike most European countries, where women are more likely to have temporary work, in Russia men predominantly have this status, comparable to the situation in many developing countries. This paper seeks to ...
Added: November 10, 2012
Post-socialist agricultural cooperatives in Russia: a case study of top-down cooperatives in the Belgorod region
, , Post-Communist Economies 2017 Vol. 29 No. 2 P. 158-181
Through a study of agricultural service cooperatives in Russia’s Belgorod region, this article addresses two gaps in the literature: first, the dearth of empirical studies on cooperatives in post-socialist Russia; second, the lack of attention to top-down cooperatives in the global literature, and the overly negative approach to the topic in the few extant studies. ...
Added: February 16, 2017
State Capitalism in the new Global Political Economy. Conference Proceedings. International Conference of Institute quebecois des hautes etudes international (HEI). 21-24 November, 2013. Universite Laval. Quebeck City. Canada [Статьи авторов сборника открываются по выделенной гиперссылке на фамилию докладчика в программе конференции]
Quebeck : Universite Laval, 2013
State Capitalism could be characterized by a triple role of the state: the state performs as a “programmer” to guide economic activity; it acts as a “protector” to safeguard national economic interests; and it also plays the role as a “producer” to create national wealth through its state-owned enterprises (SOEs). However, the influences of State ...
Added: January 6, 2014
, , Экономическая социология 2009 Т. 10 № 5 С. 11-32
The study deals with e-markets for self-employed professionals (freelancers). These highly competitive markets emerge in a still weakly regulated cyberspace with virtual interactions. However, market ties between freelancers and their clients are not established as arm's-length but largely as embedded ties. Social capital of freelancers becomes an effective instrument for fi nding the clients, raising ...
Added: September 4, 2012
Концепция «продовольственных режимов» как модель объяснения стратегий аграрного развития (на примере России и Бразилии)
, , et al., Вестник Российского университета дружбы народов. Серия: Социология 2019 Т. 19 № 2 С. 261-276
The ‘food regime’ approach was introduced as a historical method of “incorporated comparison” (P. McMichael). This comparison of the role of agriculture in the world-system made some scholars overemphasize an excessively unitary and coherent global food regime. The authors recognize this approach as a historical-comparative analytical tool to understand global trends, but argue that the Russian and Brazilian agrarian ...
Added: June 24, 2019
Регулярное общенациональное репрезентативное обследование населения по изучению демографического, социального и экономического поведения «Человек, Семья, Общество»: анализ результатов первой волны и методическая подготовка второй волны (Regular National Representative Survey of the Demographic, Social and Economic Behavior of the Population "Person, Family, Society": An Analysis of the First Wave Data and Methodical Preparation to the Second Wave)
, , et al., Регулярное общенациональное репрезентативное обследование населения по изучению демографического, социального и экономического поведения «Человек, Семья, Общество»: анализ результатов первой волны и методическая подготовка второй волны (Regular National Representative Survey of the Demographic, Social and Economic Behavior of the Population "Person, Family, Society": An Analysis of the First Wave Data and Methodical Preparation to the Second Wave) / Social Science Research Network. Серия SSRN Working Paper Series "SSRN Working Paper Series". 2015.
The paper considers demographic, social and economic behavior of the Russian population. The first chapter is based on the first wave of the survey "Person, family, society" (2013). We develop a three- criteria methodology of stratification and analyze social dynamics of middle, post-middle and proto middle groups. The second chapter contains the results of the ...
Added: January 7, 2018
, , Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship 2010 Vol. 15 No. 4 P. 461-479
The level of self-employment among immigrants is often higher than among natives. The purpose of this paper was to test empirically whether selective migration with respect to entrepreneurial characteristics may explain this difference. The relevant hypotheses were tested comparing representative samples of Russian immigrants in Norway and their stay-at-home counterparts. Data from the Russian population ...
Added: November 18, 2012
, , Journal of Economic Issues 2013 Vol. 47 No. 2 P. 475-484
We undertook an institutional anbalysis of commercial banks in Russia. After the failed experiment with private financial intermediation in the 1990s, Russia migrated towards a banking system consisting of three -- rather than two -- tiers and featuring core institutions controlled by the state directly or indirectly. This evolution is consistent with this country's historical ...
Added: May 28, 2013