Two-Faced Status Of History: Between The Humanities And Social Sciences
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The article deals with historical and sociological reconstruction and critical reappraisal of the negotiated order theory proposed by A. Strauss for the study of organizations. The paper analyzes the central concept of this perspective - negotiations, outlines key conceptual connections with symbolic interactionists research, considers the potentialities of negotiated order theory for explaining some organizational phenomena, examines the main limitations of this approach for studying organizations.
This paper is devoted to the problem of cultural crisis and those points of view on this problem that were maintained by russian and western philosophers. It was written a lot of books concerning this subject. At the beginning of XX century many philosophers within different philosophical tradition and schools began to reason about the crisis of culture. For some of them it was important to stress religious aspect of crisis: the mankind has lost the belief in God — this is the reason of crisis. For others it was importatt to understand the social aspect of cultural crisis.
Cultural crisis is the crisis of values: human and freedom. In the first half of the XXth century the culture has not found answers for two questions: what is freedom and what is human?
The book is the collection of papers on history, archaeology and art critics of North-West Russia and Baltic area.
The modern state as an object of research creates the necessity for improvement of methods of political researches. The author proposes the method of political-law analysis. The law component of the method represents analysis of correspondence of actions of the research object to the norms of the Constitution, international human rights and freedoms acts and current legislation. The political component is based on exposure of political aims and the results of such activities. The method of comparative-institutional analysis is proposed in the article. Its essence is in comparison of different characteristics of the state to expose existing correlations and trends of influence. Initial data is the results of government researches by international and non-governmental organizations.
The paper outlines key concepts of Hanna Arendt’s political philosophy. The main purpose of the work is to analyze the political virtues — courage, pride and respect, as well as the fundamental abilities (powers) to forgive and to promise. Besides, it’s important to pay attention to Arendt’s understanding of political sphere (as the Web of Relationships) and the role of language in political life. Taking these into account, the main political virtues and abilities of ζῷον πολιτικόν bind together past, present and future of political body into one space of history (ἱστορία).
In his article Vladimir Kantor explores the destiny of Russia intelligentsia within the context of cultural crisis that took place at the turn of XIX and XX centuries, analyzing the Vekhovs, a group of leading intellectuals who ran a collection of essays, titled "Vekhi", studying their relationship towards that Russian cultural phenomenon. To author, the intelligentsia is considered as a critical factor in the development of Russian history. Within a context of the struggle around the "Vekhi", by referring to famous philosophical and literature books, published in 1909, the author focuses on relationships between intelligentsia and ordinary people, their attractive and repulsive interaction, which represents the key theme of the Russian destiny. Any historical movement occurs through tragedy; heroes who move the history have to sacrifice themselves to provide that movement. Confirmation to that idea would be rejection and exclusion of the Russian intelligentsia from the country's mentality throughout a number of generations which ultimately led to its tragic being.