Institutional Deficit and Health Outcomes in Post-Communist States
Political Science. PS. Высшая школа экономики , 2015. No. 25/PS/2015.
Rosenberg D., Kozlov V. A.
In this paper we explore political-economic determinants of health. We draw upon the unique natural experiment of post-communist transitions to show the effect on health (measured as life expectancy and cause-specific mortality) of the interaction between institutions for political (democratic rules) and economic (free market entry) competitiveness. To analyze this relationship empirically, we employ panel regression analysis with country and time fixed effects. We find that, ceteris paribus, political and economic institutions exert cumulative positive impact upon health (even if their separate effects are negative or insignificant). One potential causal pathway is that political-economic liberalization increases certainty and people start investing in their health. Our findings are highly relevant to other countries that experience similar reforms.
, Пушкин 2010 № 2 С. 42-43
Added: February 28, 2013
Effects of Specific Alcohol Control Policy Measures on Alcohol-Related Mortality in Russia from 1998 to 2013
, , Alcohol and Alcoholism 2015 Vol. 50 No. 5 P. 588-601
Aims To elucidate the possible effects of alcohol control policy measures on alcohol-related mortality in Russia between 1998 and 2013. Methods Trends in mortality, alcohol production and sales were analyzed in conjunction with alcohol control legislative measures. Correlation analysis of health and alcohol market indicators was performed. Results Ethyl alcohol production was the strongest correlate of alcohol-related mortality, which is ...
Added: May 12, 2015
, , Бизнес. Общество. Власть 2011 № 7 С. 179-187
Added: February 28, 2013
Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
, The Lancet 2016 Vol. 388 No. 10053 P. 1459-1544
Background Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an ...
Added: October 13, 2016
Лондон, Балтимор : Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001
Overview Russia is a country of great complexity—eighty-nine subject regions, ethnic diversity, economic variance across regions, the power struggle of Moscow versus the regions—and multiple realities—urban versus rural, rich versus poor, and cosmopolitan versus provincial, just to name a few. Fragmented Space in the Russian Federation explores Russia's complexity and the meanings of the country's internal ...
Added: April 12, 2013
Global, regional, national, and selected subnational levels of stillbirths, neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
, The Lancet 2016 Vol. 388 No. 10053 P. 1725-1774
Background Established in 2000, Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG4) catalysed extraordinary political, financial, and social commitments to reduce under-5 mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. At the country level, the pace of progress in improving child survival has varied markedly, highlighting a crucial need to further examine potential drivers of accelerated or slowed decreases in ...
Added: October 13, 2016
, Демоскоп Weekly 2010 № № 415 - 416
In this article the author is analyzing demographic indices (fertility, life interval, death-rate, migration) of the Kyrgyz Republic. Also probable trends of population change up to 2025, risks and losses associated with life time shortening, lack of social infrastructure, labour resources and etc were presented. ...
Added: December 5, 2013
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
, The Lancet 2016 Vol. 388 No. 10053 P. 1545-1602
Background Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 ...
Added: October 13, 2016
, The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies 2017 Vol. 12 P. 79-100
The present paper exploits new headwinds blowing against the post-transition of Russia. It is argued that the new goal for Russia is an effective transition to a post-industrial stage of development. The author considers five main frontiers that challenge the successful achievement of this goal: 1) over-education and low investment in training, 2) poverty of ...
Added: December 29, 2017
, Общественные науки и современность 2019 № 3 С. 20-35
The article, which is the second part of a block of two (the first article was published in the previous issue of the journal), presents an analysis of some of the challenges that Russian social policy currently face, based on the data from nationwide surveys. However, the first article was focused on systemic challenges, while ...
Added: September 5, 2019
, , et al., Профилактическая медицина 2014 Т. 17 № 5 С. 28-33
The authors made a combined analysis of the 1989—2012 morbidity and mortality from malignancies at main sites in the ablebodied population of Moscow. The cancer mortality rates for the trachea, bronchus, lung, and stomach and cancer morbidity for respiratory organs significantly declined among the able-bodied men. The male incidence of lung cancer decreased by an ...
Added: March 26, 2015
, , Социологические исследования 2018 № 5 С. 84-98
The article analyzes dynamics of some indicators of the human capital of Russians in the context of changes in the relations between employees and employers. It is shown that the general vector of these changes is the shift of balance of power between them in favor of employers, which has led to non-compliance with the ...
Added: August 29, 2018
, Общественные науки и современность 2016 № 4 С. 48-64
In the article (which is part of a block of two articles, the second of which will be published in the next issue of the journal) results of analysis of characteristics and dynamics of income and subjective stratification models of Russian society are presented, based on data from several nationwide surveys carried out in 1999-2016. ...
Added: October 18, 2016
, , Социологическое обозрение 2018 Т. 17 № 1 С. 237-273
The paper aims to deliver an extended review of both Russian and international studies that have contributed considerably to the income strati cation discourse. The very importance of the given research is justi ed by the lack of systematic studies in the field of the one-dimensional strati cation of the Russian society, although applied socio-economic research ...
Added: April 3, 2018
NY : Routledge, 2012
This book seeks to “re-think democracy.” Over the past years, there has been a tendency in the global policy community and, even more widely, in the world’s media, to focus on democracy as the “gold standard” by which all things political are measured. This book re-examines democracy in Russia and in the world more generally, ...
Added: December 10, 2012
Конструируя «советское»? Политическое сознание, повседневные практики, новые идентичности: материалы научной конференции студентов и аспирантов (19–20 апреля 2013 года, Санкт-Петербург)
СПб. : Издательство Европейского университета в Санкт-Петербурге, 2013
Издание представляет собой сборник материалов седьмой конференции «Конструируя „советское“?», состоявшейся 19–20 апреля 2013 года в Евро пейском университете в Санкт-Петербурге. В конференции приняли участие молодые специалисты из Санкт-Петербурга, Петрозаводска, Вологды, Киева, Харькова, а также из Беркли, Бухареста, Парижа, Хельсинки и Ювяскюля. В рамках междисциплинарного подхода участники представили попытки осмысления феномена «советского» на основе различных типов ...
Added: October 8, 2013
, , Economic Systems 2018 Vol. 42 No. 1 P. 119-131
In this paper we draw upon the unique natural experiment of post-communist transitions to show how the interaction between democratization and economic liberalization impacts health. We argue that, if occurring simultaneously, these transformations reduce overall uncertainty and thus improve health. Two concrete mechanisms are at work: first, people suffer less from stress-related diseases, and second, ...
Added: May 23, 2017
, , Journal of Futures Studies 2014 Vol. 19 No. 2 P. 21-40
The recent decade has witnessed remarkable success in various aspects of socioeconomic development in Tropical Africa. However, contrary to the “development is the best contraceptive” expectations, fertility in many countries remains stalled, frequently at very high levels of 5 and more children per woman. This actualizes the risks of population explosions, which are particularly sharp, ...
Added: October 19, 2014
Динамика смертности и ожидаемой продолжительности жизни населения арктического/приарктического региона России в 1999-2014 годах
, , , Экология человека 2017 № 9 С. 48-58
This article presents the results of analysis of mortality dynamics among population of 9 territories of Arctic and Subarctic regions, using linear regression technique. Allcause mortality reduction was significantly greater in the 4 territories of the country. These 4 regions were: Murmansk region and Komi Republic (for females), Archangelsk region (for both sexes) and Republic ...
Added: October 19, 2017
Bratislava : NISPAcee Press, 2019
Presented Papers from the 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference May 24-26, 2019, Prague, Czech Republic Organized in cooperation with the Charles University, Prague and Masaryk University, Brno Published by NISPAcee Press www.nispa.org ...
Added: September 29, 2019
, , Cities 2016 Vol. 52 P. 39-54
Tbilisi, a city of over a million, is the national capital of Georgia. Although little explored in urban studies, the city epitomizes a fascinating assemblage of processes that can illuminate the interplay of geopolitics, political choices, globalization discourses, histories, and urban contestations in shaping urban transformations. Tbilisi's strategic location in the South Caucasus, at the ...
Added: February 23, 2016
, , et al., М. : Издательский Дом "Наука", 2014
В коллективной монографии представлены результаты моделирования развития стран БРИКС, полученные к настоящему времени в рамках исследований по проекту «Математическое моделирование глобальной и региональной динамики в условиях модернизации системы науки и образования» Программы фундаментальных исследований Президиума РАН «Экономика и социология науки и образования». ...
Added: October 23, 2014
, , , Urban Studies 2014 Vol. 51 No. 4 P. 617-633
This paper conceptualises post-socialist urban economic geographies through the notion of hybrid spatialities that emerge from the mutual embeddedness of neoliberalism and socialist legacies. While the dismantling of state socialism was a massive moment towards the exacerbation of uneven development, ironically it is the socialist-era spatial legacy that has become the single major differentiating factor ...
Added: October 9, 2014
, , Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз 2016 № 3 С. 71-89
From the mid-2000 the specter of hunger and shortages began to fade away. Paradoxically, in that context, the concept of “food security” became a central reference in political discourses. Simultaneously, the negotiations for Russia’s accession to the WTO were conducted. This concept appeared earlier in the 1990’s on the marginal wings of the political spectrum, ...
Added: September 30, 2016