«Либерализация» партийного законодательства после декабря 2011 г.
A political scientist examines how regional elites shape the electoral fortunes of Russia’s hegemonic party, United Russia (UR). Using original data on regional legislative elections from 2003 to 2011, we show that UR performs better in those regions where regional governors control strong political machines. Russia’s leadership undercut its own electoral strategy by replacing popular elected governors with colorless bureaucrats who struggled to mobilize votes on behalf of United Russia. This is one of the reasons for United Russia’s poor performance in recent elections.
The article represents some key theoretical and legal aspects of the opposition phenomenon in stable democracies and transitional regimes regarding such items as the formation of political parties, legal regulation, forms and methods of the opposition activity in contemporary Russian political debates.
The article is devoted to the issue of regional representation in Russian parliament. The level of regional representation did not decrease, but even slightly increased in the State Duma of the fifth convocation. The author tries to answer the question how the change in the electoral system can influence the configuration of elites in the party lists and how parties' opportunities were changed by loopholes in the law, also why the «United Russia» won the 2007 electoral campaign.
The book overviews historic development and the current state of Western political conservatism and analyzes positions of contemporary Russian conservative political thinkers and public figures. It also contains chapters on "national models" of conservatism in six Western countries and draft concept of "Conservatism for Development", an agenda for dilague of civil society about development of Russia.
In early 2010 Russia once again entered a turbulent period. From the system of property distribution, to structure of the political elites and relations between the Center and the regions - various spheres of Russian life are in a state of flux. Two major factors are driving this change: oil prices which are unlikely to grow the way they did in the 2000s and the rapidly deteriorating efficiency of governance. Relations between federal and regional elites, as well as public activism, are derived from these two factors and play an important role of their own. Will change take an evolutionary path or is Russia facing another revolution? The book offers a view of the Russian future until 2025 based on thematic scenarios created by an international team of Russia scholars whose expertise range from politics and economics to demographics and foreign policy.