Спорные вопросы определения предмета легализации (отмывания) преступных доходов
Trade secrets as the target of crime provided by the Article 183 of the Russian Federation Criminal Code are considered. The author analyses present definitions of the «trade secret», emphasizes and reveals its features.
Purpose. In 2013 and in 2014, Federal Law No. 73-FZ of 25 June 2002 “On Cultural Heritage Objects (Monuments of History and Culture) of the Nations of the Russian Federation” was amended, including, the conceptual apparatus of the cultural heritage system. The latter is divided into tangible and intangible objects; the material cultural heritage includes monuments of history and culture. Objects of cultural heritage, according to legislative definition, have a complex composite structure, which requires analysis and systematization, since at the moment this concept and related to it are used in other acts of substantive law, in particular, in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Objects of cultural heritage, according to legislative definition, have a complex composite structure, which requires analysis and systematization, since at the moment this concept and related to it are used in other acts of substantive law, in particular, in the Criminal Code. Methodology: analysis, synthesis, legal, structural, functional, axiological methods. Conclusions. The object of cultural heritage has the following features: the immovable nature of the cultural heritage object (and associated movable objects and archaeological objects until they are included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation), anthropogenic character, age and cultural value of the cultural heritage object — is of fundamental importance as the basis for assigning the object the status of an object of cultural heritage, formal status in the Unified State Register of Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Russian Federation. Scientific and practical significance. The carried out research allows to specify the concept of objects of a cultural heritage and its component parts, thus, defining, in particular, subjects of crimes and offenses that encroach on monuments of history and culture. The findings of this study can be used to create regulatory legal acts that regulate the protection of cultural heritage sites, as well as to be applied in the training process in the training of specialists in the field of criminal and administrative law.
In article signs the characteristics and properties of the object and the subject of the illegal use of insider information. Defines a common, generic, species and direct objects, for which there is art. 185.6 of criminal code. An attempt was made to an author's group of Chapter 22 of the Russian criminal code according to the species. On the basis of the analysis of the theoretical elaborations of domestic authors, the place and the value of public relations associated with the use of insider information on organized markets (securities market, foreign exchange, commodity).