Специфика обучения студентов экономического факультета английскому языку
The book is to be used as a supplement to an Upper Intermediate course in General English aiming to help students master the active vocabulary and grammar structures of six Units in the course book «Upstream Upper Intermediate» by Bob Obee –Virginia Evans (1, 2, 3, 6, 8 and 9). All translation exercises are provided with keys.
This paper dwells on the importance of the elective course for first-year students who have not achieved the necessary level of language competence at school. Lack of knowledge and relevant skills becomes a bar to further progressing both in general and professional language. The paper points out the role of the elective course in developing language competence which will help students to be successful in the professional environment.
This volume examines the role of epigraphic literacy within the newly introduced Christian culture and the developing tradition of literacy in Northern Europe during the Viking Age and the High Middle Ages. The epigraphic material under scrutiny here originates from Scandinavia and North-West Russia - two regions that were converted to Christianity around the turn of the first millennium. Besides traditional categories of epigraphic sources, such as monumental inscriptions on durable materials, the volume is concerned with more casual inscriptions on less permanent materials. The first part of the book discusses a form of monumental epigraphic literacy manifested on Scandinavian rune stones, with a particular focus on their Christian connections. The second part examines exchanges between Christian culture and ephemeral products of epigraphic literacy, as expressed through Scandinavian rune sticks, East Slavonic birchbark documents and church graffiti. The essays look beyond the traditional sphere of parchment literacy and the Christian discourse of manuscript sources in order to explore the role of epigraphic literacy in the written vernacular cultures of Scandinavia and North-West Russia.