Активные и медиальные формы в послеведийском санскрите: новые функции исчезающей морфологической категории
It is commonly believed that post-Vedic and late Sanskrit texts attest overall confusing of the active and middle inflection, so that both types of endings can be employed nearly interchangeably, at least for several verbs. This paper demonstrates that, even in spite of the fact that the active/middle opposition becomes heavily deteriorated by the end of the OIA period, it is not entirely devoid of any functional weight. In particular, the -ya-presents normally inflected in the active in early (Vedic) language, such as śudhyati/-te ‘becomes clean’, become common with the middle inflection from the Sūtra period onwards. The paper argues that the choice of the inflection (active/middle) is mainly determined by metrical reasons.