Олфер Северов: переводчик новгородского Разряда в 1611-1617 гг.
The article is about Olfer Severov who served as an interpretor in Novgorod the Great in the time of Novgorod-Swedish political alliance
This article consists of a publication of one of the most important graffiti-inscriptions on fragments of fresco plaster found in the course of excavations in 2014 in St. George’s Cathedral in Novgorod’s Yuriev Monastery. The graffito was a note recording the death of Prince Yaroslav Vladimirovich’s sons, Izyaslav and Rostislav, who according to evidence in the chronicle died in the early summer of 1198 and were buried in the monastery’s cathedral. The precise dates included in the text (the burial of Izyaslav on June 15th and the death of Rostislav on June 20th) shed light on the circumstances, in which on June 8, 1198 the foundations were laid for the Church of the Transfiguration on Nereditsa Hill, which is thought to have been founded in connection with the death of the Prince’s sons.
The article is a preliminary publication of the birchbark letters found in Veliky Novgorod and Staraya Russa during the archaeological season of 2018.
This is the publication of several Early Old Russian graffiti-inscriptions from the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod with paleographic, linguistic and historical commentary. It includes the revised text of a 13-lines-long prayer (graffito № 206); an inscription mentioning the Turkic name Sanbdusb; a new Glagolitic graffito from the Martirievskaia Porch; two inscriptions by church assistants mentioning their Slavic non-Christian names; a graffito dated 6614 (AD 1106/1107).
The 12th volume of the series contains the texts of Novgorod birch-bark documents N 916-1062 unearthed in the course of the excavations of 2001-2014, as well as those found in Staraya Russa (N 37-45). Most of the published documents originate from the Troicky excavation site and are dated to the 12th century. The core of the volume is formed by the documents from the estate Ж, where the concentration of birch-bark letters is significantly higher than at any other medieval Novgorod estate explored so far. Of special importance are two deposits: financial and economic records of Yakim (second half of the 12th century) comprising the largest set of document written by one hand, and correspondence of Luke, Ivan and Snovid (mid 12th century) containing fine examples of Early Rus’ merchants’ correspondence. The texts of the documents are published with comprehensive linguistic and historical commentary. The second part of the book contains corrections to the readings and interpretations of the birch-bark documents published in the previous volumes of the series as well as updating of some of tables of extra-stratigraphic dating published in the 10th volume. The volume also contains a linguistic index and a list of conventional dates of the published documents.
The article deals with the graffito inscription No. 206 from St Sophia’s Cathedral in Novgorod. The inscription, dated as stemming from the second half of the 12th century, is the oldest example of original East Slavic non-liturgical poetry. Our analysis of the text takes its sources, language, and poetic organization into account. Refinements have been made to the transcription of the graffito and a reconstruction of the text as a whole is proposed. Features linking the inscription to the genre of penitential verse, found in 16th–17th century Russian literature, are discussed. A special section of the article is devoted to the main point of linguistic interest in the inscription: the formation of the present active participle of the verb viděti using an athematic pattern (vida, viduč-). This feature, which has never been attested before in Old Russian sources, boasts parallels with Old Czech.
The book is a festschrift to famous Swedish slavist Dr. Elisabeth Löfstrand. The book includes essays in Russian and Slavonic history and culture, Russian archives also