Innovation Policy in Russia 1992-2017: One step forward, two steps back
Since Russia started its transition from a closed communist state to an open market economy in the 1990s there have been major economical and political changes. The central idea of this paper is to look at what has been done for innovation in the country. Prior to the 1990s Russia outperformed the world in many spheres of science but now the country has lost its leadership position and struggles to compete in innovation. In this paper we study the query of what has happened to Russian R&D sector after the collapse of the Soviet Union? We review publications over the last twenty-five years focusing around Russian innovation policy published both in Russian and English languages. We provide critical statements of interviewees in the area unveiling the transitional issues Russian R&D sector experience for the innovation to happen. We tried to summarise the challenges of the quarter of the century as a bigger picture of Russia and its research policy in an era of open innovation.