Массовые казни 1722 гг. как кульминация межпартийной борьбы в XVIII в.
The article focuses on the historical and geographical literary work of 18th century named the “Description of the Selected Villages” (Taengniji, 擇里志) with reference to the cultural opposition of “friend or foe” which since the 17th century has acquired a special value for Korean intellectuals. With the coming to power in 1644 of the Manchu Qing dynasty and the fall of the Chinese Ming dynasty – the former formal overlord of Korea – Koreans-intellectuals wanted to revise the existing picture of the world, since the “uncivilized” Qing could not be the “Middle State”. Yi Chunghwan, the author of the “Description of the Selected Villages” addressed Korean geography to resolve that cultural conflict, proving the succession of Korea after China, and this article considers the ideas he outlined. According to Yi Chung-hwan, the very geographical location of Korea determines the high level of moral values of the Korean people; its merits – and the main is “loyalty” to the Ming dynasty; and predetermines the development of Korean history and international relations. In “inheriting” the traditional Chinese values, norms and “civilization” Mt. Paektu standing on the border between China and Korea acts as a link, and for that reason Yi Chung-hwan endowed it with special “qualities”. At the same time, the mountain was also included in the territories considered to be sacred for the Qing dynasty. Thus, the conflict between the interests of both states was inevitable.
Minjung-gayo is a name for Korean protest songs that originated after the Gwanju Massacre (18-27 May, 1980) and the Jeon Du Hwan's presidency (1980-1988). The development of minjung-gayo was influenced by Korean poetry of the colonial period as well as the censure in the 1970s and the foreign protest songs widely spread in the 1980-90s among Korean students. The paper analyses the protest songs of Yun Min Seok that have considerably contributed to the anti-governmental demonstrations during Park Geun Hye presidency (2013-2016). The author explores the main types, topics and lyrics of the most influential songs of Yun Min Seok.
The Chingyongsansuhwa (眞景山水畵) landscape began to form in Korea in the late XVII century, and it was evolving during the XVIII century, altering in the works of successive artists. H.J. Ahn's (2011) definition of chingyongsansuhwa is the most common one used in the South Korean art history: chingyongsansuhwa are paintings of actual and the most beautiful Korean landscapes executed in technique and manner developed by Korean artists in the XVIII century based on traditions of Chinese South School. The term chingyongsansuhwa is generally translated into Russian as "the images of the real views", O.N. Glukhareva (1982) called the movement “Korean national realistic landscape”, realistic depiction of nature is recognized to be its main characteristic. However chingyongsansuhwa is more complex phenomenon than just a realistic depiction of actual nature’s views. In this article we will make an attempt to understand what the term means and suggest possible options for its translation into Russian.