Греческий как иностранный
The paper discusses several unusual features that characterize the language of the Fourth book of Maccabees. This Judeo-Hellenistic work played a major role in the formation of Christian theology: the doctrine of Redemption, of martyrdom, of supernatural forces given to the devotee etc. Introduction of new concepts required innovative vocabulary. The author creates a series of new stem-compounds that did not exist in Greek to designate specific Jewish religious concepts that have no parallels in the Greek mental repertoire such as miarofagia or hieropsychos. He also re- interprets the inner form of existing Greek words contrary to the estab- lished Greek usage: Eunomia designates not the state with good laws and lawful citizens, but instead an adherence to the Torah, as the Torah is transmitted in the LXX as Nomos; similarly, photagogos does not mean a window for light, but is applied to mystagogy. The author claims his own superiority over the Greeks in the mastery of Greek language, postulating that Jewish pious ratio (eusebes logos) surpasses the ratio of pagan thinkers.