Patriotic and Geopolitical Components of Youth Outlook in Russia
This article contributes to the debate on portfolio and organisational careers and presents the results of qualitative research on young Russian employees. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia has experienced several economic and social crises, which has had a signifi cant impact on the labour market. The employment level remains relatively stable in Russia due to institutionalised precarity. The analysis of 60 in-depth biographical interviews with young employees from St. Petersburg demonstrated that young Russians in the contemporary labour market can be characterised by portfolioability. This term is a multidimensional construct that includes practices, meanings of work, attitudes and capital. Portfolioability is expressed in fl exibility, experience, transferable skills and multiple employment practices. Moreover, it is portfolioability, which in some cases becomes a resource of increasing security in the labour market and developing agency.
In article on the basis of two Central documents from Russian archives (State archive of the Russian Federation and the Russian state archive of socio-political history) reconstructed "propaganda twist" at the final stage of the great Patriotic war. Turning point scale using the new concept of "Soviet patriotism" can be considered speech And. Century of Stalin at the ceremonial meeting of the Moscow Soviet of working people's deputies from the party and public organizations of the city of Moscow on 6 November 1944 But by the end of this process you can read the April 1946, ending a protracted period of realignment of military propaganda. The conclusion is made that the Historical examples of patriotism and observationsby discourse military pores were less applicable in terms of the unfolding of the cold war and stands Soviet institutions and advantages of socialism" in Eastern Europe.
In the center of analysis - specific of youth perception of Russian history and it's place in the constructed patriotic images. Attention is paid to assessments of concrete historical events and personalities, also the article shows an ambiguous effect on the patriotic feelings of youth. It is studies the efficiency of its patriotic education, based on appeal to the facts of history.
Article is dedicated to the problem of the formation of Lev Tolstoy's world views and evolution of his views on the violence and the war. There is shown Tolstoy's way from the patriotic directivity to the substantiation of idea nonviolence and the nonresistance to evil by force.