Применение частотно-временного анализа электроэнцефалограммы к исследованию внутренних механизмов когнитивного контроля
Институт психологии РАН, 2016
Event-related potential study of P2 and N2 components on fast and slow responses in the auditory condensation task
, , Event-related potential study of P2 and N2 components on fast and slow responses in the auditory condensation task / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2016. No. WP BRP 70/PSY/2016.
In tasks involving response choice based on certain stimulus-to-response mappings, at least two stages of information processing may be involved: (1) formation of sensory stimulus object representations leading to stimulus identification, and (2) application of stimulus-to-response mappings (i.e. “task rules”) to these representations leading to response selection. Most of the research done in this area ...
Added: December 25, 2016
Мозговые механизмы когнитивного контроля: электроэнцефалографическое исследование с применением частотно-временного анализа.
, , et al., В кн.: Материалы XXIII съезда Физиологического общества им. И. П. Павлова (18-22 сентября 2017 г., г. Воронеж). .: Воронеж: Истоки, 2017.. С. 980-982.
Cognitive control is a set of processes that are responsible for flexible goal-directed behaviour. We did a series of electroencephalographic experiments during the auditory condensation task. The findings obtained allow distinguishing three brain networks that carry out adaptive processes after error commission. We also show that increased response time is associated with lower level of ...
Added: October 27, 2017
Метод регистрации и анализа ответов испытуемых по траектории движения компьютерной мыши: можно ли сшить семь шапок из одной шкуры?
, , et al., В кн.: Когнитивная наука в Москве: новые исследования. Материалы конференции 15 июня 2017 г.. .: Буки Веди, 2017.. С. 527-532.
Experiments involving participant’s response recording by way of pressing buttons are quite common. This simple method allows estimation of such crucial parameters as response time and response correctness. However, more detailed analysis of behavioral responses is needed in some cases. Crucial aspects within the cognitive control research field include the conflict before decision-making, error detection after response commission and internal ...
Added: June 30, 2017
, , et al., Theta, alpha and beta band modulations during auditory condensation task performance / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2017. No. WP BRP 81/PSY/2017.
Outcome of a behavioral response can be detected either internally at the time of the response commission, or externally through a feedback signal. In both cases, a number of brain networks that subserve cognitive control are recruited, all networks having certain distinctive signatures in electroencephalographic oscillations. Yet most studies in the field have several limitations. ...
Added: October 19, 2017
Background Gamma Activity in the Electroencephalogram as a Measure of the Level of Sustained (tonic) Attention during Execution of the “Active Oddball” Paradigm in rabbits
, , et al., Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology 2012 Vol. 42 No. 6 P. 567-574
Tonic brain activity has significant influences on the nature of a subject’s responses to target sensory stimuli. We report here studies of the dynamics of the background activity in the gamma-rhythm range of the EEG in rabbits during execution of an “active oddball” paradigm modified for animals – a task widely used for studies of ...
Added: December 6, 2012
Когнитивный контроль: новые мозговые механизмы, выявленные с помощью частотно-временного анализа электроэнцефалограммы при выполнении экспериментальной задачи с высокой нагрузкой на внимание
, , et al., В кн.: Когнитивная наука в Москве: новые исследования. Материалы конференции 15 июня 2017 г.. .: Буки Веди, 2017.. С. 393-397.
Cognitive control includes specific maintenance of sustained attention to a stimulus and non-specific regulation of a motor threshold. Failures in each system lead to different types of errors, associated with attentional lapses and uncertainty or dysfunction of the motor threshold. Subsequent adaptive adjustments can be implemented through two different mechanisms, depending on the type of error. Two experiments were ...
Added: June 30, 2017
Theta and alpha band modulations reflect error-related adjustments in the auditory condensation task
, , , Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2015 Vol. 9 No. 673 P. 1-13
Error commission leads to adaptive adjustments in a number of brain networks that subserve goal-directed behavior, resulting in either enhanced stimulus processing or increased motor threshold depending on the nature of errors committed. Here, we studied these adjustments by analyzing post-error modulations of alpha and theta band activity in the auditory version of the two-choice ...
Added: October 16, 2015
Post-error adaptations are reflected in modulations of theta and alpha band power as revealed by the auditory condensation task
, , , in: Седьмая международная конференция по когнитивной науке: Тезисы докладов. Светлогорск, 20–24 июня 2016 г.. .: М.: Институт психологии РАН, 2016.. P. 58-59.
Commission of error causes the adjustments in a number of brain systems related to goal-directed behavior. Errors may be caused by failures of motor inhibition or by general attentional lapses, which lead to the different neural adjustments with their specific electrophysiological and behavioral correlates (van Driel et al., 2012; Danielmeier and Ullsperger, 2011). Thus, post-error ...
Added: December 7, 2016
, , et al., Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2017 Vol. 11 No. 218 P. 218-1-218-16
Cognitive control includes maintenance of task-specific processes related to attention, and non-specific regulation of motor threshold. Depending upon the nature of the behavioral tasks, these mechanisms may predispose to different kinds of errors, with either increased or decreased response time of erroneous responses relative to correct responses. Specifically, slow responses are related to attentional lapses ...
Added: December 25, 2016
Cognitive control: novel brain mechanisms revealed by time-frequence analysis of the electroencephalogram under experimental tasks involving high attentional load
, , et al., , in: International Congress "Neuroscience for Medicine and Psychology", Sudak, Crimea, Russia, May 30-June 10, 2017. .: [б.и.], 2017.. P. 445-446.
Cognitive control includes maintenance of task-specific processes related to attention, and non-specific regulation of motor threshold. Generally, two different kinds of errors may occur, with some errors related to attentional lapses and decision uncertainty, and some errors – to failures of sustaining motor threshold. Error commission leads to adaptive adjustments in brain networks that subserve ...
Added: June 11, 2017
Prestimulus alpha oscillations as an index of increased cognitive control under the auditory condensation task
, , et al., Prestimulus alpha oscillations as an index of increased cognitive control under the auditory condensation task / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2014. No. WP BRP 28/PSY/2014.
Attentional lapses are usually viewed as a result of deterioration in cognitive control. Current theories suggest that deterioration in the cognitive control may be related to an increase in alpha rhythm power, although it is not clear whether this notion can be generalized outside of the visual task modality. In the current study power of ...
Added: December 16, 2014
Event-related Potentials as Correlates of Attentional Resource Allocation in Dependence on Individual Differences
, , et al., Event-related Potentials as Correlates of Attentional Resource Allocation in Dependence on Individual Differences / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2012. No. 01.
The nature of interrelations of brain event-related potentials to behavioral measures and temperament dimensions was studied in the situation of attention under the auditory oddball paradigm. Several components of event-related potentials were found to be related to Extraversion, Mobility, Ergonicity and Emotionality. The results are discussed within the framework of the resource model of attention. ...
Added: July 20, 2012
, , et al., , in: Communication, Computation, and Cognitive Processes (СССР3). .: Higher School of Economics Publishing House, 2016.. P. 25-26.
Cognitive control includes two basic aspects: maintenance of task-specific processes (including attention), and non-specific control of the motor threshold. In line with this distinction, performance errors may be explained by two alternative mechanisms: fast errors are believed to result from inappropriate action impulses that were allowed due to a failure in keeping the motor threshold ...
Added: December 7, 2016
, , В кн.: Язык. Константы. Переменные: Памяти Александра Евгеньевича Кибрика. .: СПб.: Алетейя, 2014.. С. 22-37.
Внимание и язык соединены двусторонними связями. С одной стороны, мы можем использовать речевое высказывание или речевую команду в качестве средства направления внимания собеседника на заинтересовавший нас предмет, а также для организации и поддержания внимания в течение необходимого периода времени. С другой стороны, сама структура речевого высказывания обусловливается тем, что находится в фокусе внимания говорящего, а ...
Added: October 19, 2014
Response time is related to attention and certainty: evidence from response-related and feedback-related electroencephalographic oscillatory activity
, , et al., , in: 57th Society for Psychophysiological Research (SPR) Annual Meeting (October 11-15, 2017, Vienna, Austria). Vol. 54.: Wien: Psychophysiology, 2017.. P. 69-70.
RESPONSE TIME IS RELATED TO ATTENTION AND CERTAINTY: EVIDENCE FROM RESPONSE-RELATED AND FEEDBACK-RELATED ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC OSCILLATORY ACTIVITY Yulia M. Nurislamova, Natalia A. Zhozhikashvili, Nikita A. Novikov, Elena G. Chernysheva, Ruslan Khalmuratov, Boris V. Chernyshev National Research University Higher School of Economics Cognitive control can be viewed as an interplay between two constituent aspects: maintenance of task-specific processes related to ...
Added: October 27, 2017
More than the verbal stimulus matters: Visual attention in Language assessment for people with aphasia using multiple-choice image displays.
, , , Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 2017 Vol. 60 P. 1348-1361
Purpose: Language comprehension in people with aphasia (PWA) is frequently evaluated using multiple-choice displays: PWA are asked to choose the image that best corresponds to the verbal stimulus in a display. When a nontarget image is selected, comprehension failure is assumed. However stimulus-driven factors unrelated to linguistic comprehension may influence performance. In this study we ...
Added: June 16, 2017
Влияние состояния «ухода в свои мысли» на выполнение слуховой конденсационной задачи: поведенческий анализ в рамках парадигмы когнитивного контроля
, , , Психология. Журнал Высшей школы экономики 2017 Т. 14 № 1 С. 167-177
The state of mind wandering is related to complete or partial detachment of attention from external information. Under this state, attention switches from the ongoing primary task towards unrelated thoughts, fantasies and feelings. Current understanding of the role of cognitive control in the initiation and sustaining the state of mind wandering is ambiguous, and specific ...
Added: August 31, 2016
, , Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics 2018 Vol. 15 No. 2 P. 209-221
One of the topics in current psycholinguistics research is studying the factors affecting syntactic choice in sentence production. Previous research suggests that syntactic choice results from an interplay between linguistic and non-linguistic factors, and a speaker’s attention to the elements of a described event represents one such factor. It is a well-established fact that our ...
Added: September 25, 2018
Distributed feature binding in the auditory modality: experimental evidence toward reconciliation of opposing views on the basis of mismatch negativity and behavioral measures
, , et al., NeuroReport 2016 Vol. 27 No. 11 P. 837-842
Current understanding of feature binding remains controversial. Studies involving mismatch negativity (MMN) measurement show a low level of binding, whereas behavioral experiments suggest a higher level. We examined the possibility that the two levels of feature binding coexist and may be shown within one experiment. The electroencephalogram was recorded while participants were engaged in an ...
Added: August 31, 2016
, , , The Influence of Happiness and Anxiety on Emotional Stroop Effect / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2022. No. 131.
The main aim of this study was to examine how happiness and anxiety influence emotional Stroop effect. According to the principle of emotion congruence, information processing is facilitated if its emotional tone matches an individual’s mood. The first hypothesis suggested that emotional Stroop effect would be greater with stimuli incongruent with a participant’s emotional state. The ...
Added: June 14, 2022
, The Russian Journal of Cognitive Science 2016 Vol. 3 No. 1-2 P. 4-20
Observers are able to extract summary statistical properties, such as numerosity or the average, from spatially overlapping subsets of visuals objects. However, this ability is limited to about two subsets at a time, which may be primarily caused by the limited capacity of parallel representation of those subsets. In our study, we addressed several issues regarding subset representation. In four experiments, we presented observers with arrays of dots of one to six ...
Added: July 4, 2016
, , et al., Физиология человека (перевод) 2015 Т. 41 № 4 С. 37-43
We studied the features of cognitive functions of attention and decision making in 18 healthy subjects and 15 patients with schizophrenia with the use of pairs of two short visual stimuli (double step). In the group of patients with schizophrenia, we observed a higher number of errors and higher frequency of modified saccad ic pattern ...
Added: July 17, 2015
, Психологический журнал 2010 Т. 31 № 3 С. 25-32
Distractor's effect (stimulus which is irrelevant at a certain moment and ignored) on task solving efficiency is considered. It is revealed that according to problem situation and connection with target stimulus any distractor can produce two opposite effects: negative - interference and positive - redundancy effect. Distractor effects' classification based on one of possible grounds ...
Added: October 2, 2012