От антииудаизма к иудаизантизму в православной культуре Востока Европы в конце XV – XVI вв.
This article calls in question some stereotypes concerning alleged Muscovite «notorious» judeophobia. It deals with evidence on Muscovite “Judaizers” of the last quarter of the XVth century, and “Judaizers”’ traces in Muscovy under Ivan the Terrible (Feodosiy Kosoy and his followers), and in Ruthenia (Podol’e) in the same epoch (recently found “Beseda na gusov”). Russian “Judaizers” were, in fact, interested in Judaism, and most of them were members of clergy. So called “literature of Judaizers” contains borrowings from Judaic tradition. The “Laodicean Episle”, compiled by d’iak Fiodor Kuritsyn in the end of the XVth century, is one of rather unquestionable manifestation of Jewish influences among Muscovite élites. The explanation of this phenomenon lies, most probably, in the confessionally peculiar features of the traditional Byzantine-Orthodox attitudes to Jews and Judaism.