Дети-сироты и дети, оставшиеся без попечения родителей, в современных исследованиях
This article considers images of orphanage graduates formed by the electronic and print media in Russia and is based on the materials from a study entitled 'The trajectories of social and professional adaptation of graduates of children’s homes'. The study aimed to obtain analytical information on the socio-psychological and professional adaptation of children from Russian Orphanages. Using the automated media monitoring system 'Medialogia', the authors analyze thematic publications from seven Russian regions: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Novosibirsk, Tver, and Yaroslavl. Textual analysis is based on one hundred articles selected as they enjoy the highest rating of re-quoting and republishing. A thematic map of topics constructed within this analysis shows that the main body of publications is focused on issues of compliance and violation of the orphan rights and the provision of benefits, including housing.
In this article the results of empirical research of the “conspicuous consumption” phenomenon are presented. The author analyzes quantitative and qualitative differences in recognition and practice of conspicuous consumption among young people (schoolchildren and students) from families with different socio-economic status, that provide different educational opportunities for their children. The explanation schemes of this phenomenon among youth that are presented in the foreign theoretic and empiric research are described in this article.
In this paper, the features of the social relationship systems are analyzed basing on the materials of the socio-psychological empirical study conducted at two stages (from 2002 to 2014). The empirical data obtained in 2002 comprised 417 participants of different ages from Nizhny Novgorod region provincial towns. The elderly respondents have lived almost all their lives under the Soviet regime; the middle-aged respondents got their education and started careers in the USSR. The main objective of the research was to synthesize the individual systems of social relations, the personal notions of power in particular, to compare the finding between the Soviet and the post-Soviet samples, and to make sense of the discovered differences. Empirical data was obtained with the help of Kelly’s Repertory grid technique designed with the purpose to retrieve the interviewee’s personal ideas about the surrounding world and people without imposing any existing conceptions of social reality. Pertovsky’s three-factor interpersonal relationships model and the concept of the "closed society" make the ground for the theoretical hypothesis we are trying to test. The results for the respondents of different ages, and correspondingly, with different experiences of living in the USSR, are analyzed in terms of the features typical of the closed group. Both the closed societies and the closed groups are characterized by the rigid hierarchical social structure and depersonalization of the social relations and thus the Soviet society can be regarded as closed due to its authoritarian and collectivist nature. We argue that the members of the closed groups and the citizens of the closed society have similar social relationships matrixes and reveal the ways in which the post-Soviet society derived some of its attributes from the "closed society" of the former USSR. Both samples demonstrate the rejection and the mistrust of the powerful, influential figures, however the gradual changes in the understanding of social structure is underway.