Практическое применение современных информационных технологий в сфере преподавания китайского языка на примере авторского курса в системе MOODLE
In recent years the experts with professional knowledge of the Chinese language have become very popular in our country due to a significant expansion of economic ties with China. With the rapid development of information technologies the process of teaching Chinese language is also changing. This article is focused on the practical use of computer educational resources in conjunction with the traditional form of learning language using the example of the author’s interactive course "Foreign Language in international business communication" (Chinese) in the Moodle system.
In this paper, I attempt to compare the relative rates of replacement of basic vocabulary items (from the 100-item Swadesh list) over four specific checkpoints in the history of the Chinese language: Early Old Chinese (as represented by documents such as The Book of Songs), Classic Old Chinese, Late Middle Chinese (represented by the language of The Record of Linji), and Modern Chinese. After a concise explication of the applied methodology and a detailed presentation of the data, it is shown that the average rates of replacement between each of these checkpoints do not significantly deviate from each other and are generally compatible with the classic «Swadesh constant» of 0.14 loss per millennium; furthermore, these results correlate with other similar observed situations, e.g. for the Greek language, though not with others (Icelandic). It is hoped that future similar studies on the lexical evolution of languages with attested written histories will allow to place these observations into a more significant context.
The article examines new Chinese words in relation to social situation in modern PRC. Analysis of neologisms helps to make the conclusions about the main processes taking place in the cultural, economic and social life of the community nowadays, as well as reveal those trends that will define the social and economic climate in the country in the coming years. The vocabulary of modern Chinese people, especially the young citizens, quickly adding new lexical units, which fast become widespread thanks to the Internet community. That cases that this research is based both on the new words, officially recorded in last edition of the "Dictionary of Modern Chinese Language", and on the neologisms that became popular in the Internet in recent years, but not included in the dictionary. Due to the huge number of new words that have appeared over the last decade, this study aims to allocate certain lexical units, mainly analyze those words that closely related to the reform of the social system and economic life: including the names of certain groups of citizens with atypical behavioral models, specific property or marital status. A number of neologisms also linked to the new cultural concepts and value-orientations of young people.
Keywords: neologisms, Chinese language, Chinese society, sociolinguistics, policy of birth control in PRC, language of the Internet.
Successful online learning if we look outside the didactics but in the field of personal development, from the anthropological bases, is in learner’s identification as an active subject of the learning process. Activities that online learners perform correlate with the characteristics of the subjectness that researchers revealed: spotting one’s own gaps in the educational environment and one’s educational needs, satisfying them and enhancing one’s competence by means of online learning (ability to change the environment and oneself inside that, reflexive way of life, realizing the principle of development), searching, selecting and studying online courses on one’s own, supported first and foremost by the intrinsic motivation (initiative), ability to plan and analyze one’s activity or inaction in the course, managing the requirements and the deadlines of the assignments, as well as readiness to accept the consequences of one’s choice (responsibility). Therefore, successful online learners (those who study on their own, cope with the tasks in time and in a proper way, achieve expected results) are characterized with such a subjectness that is based on a set of general-cultural and general-professional competencies that should be formed. To define the set of competencies, which an online learner needs to become successful and to study learners’ attitude to them, we have done a competency-based test (self-assessment questionnaire) in September - November 2017. The respondents were 2060 learners from TSU online courses offered on three e-learning platforms (population is 80938). Learners responded that the following general-cultural competencies are of much help for them in online learning: readiness to self-development, self-realization and using one’s own creativity (69,7%), ability to organize and educate oneself (53,3%), ability to acquire new scientific and professional knowledge using modern educational and informational technologies (62,3%), as well as ability to imply means and methods of learning and self-control over one’s intellectual development, increasing one’s cultural level and professional competence (50,2%). Among general-professional competencies the learners replied that the most useful competencies for online learning are computer skills for receiving, processing and managing information (79,5%), ability to work with the main retrieval query systems (60,2%), ability to search for scientific information, perform its critical analysis, to set research objectives and choosing appropriate methods and technologies to achieve them (59,3%), ability to critically analyze the learning process and training materials from the point of view of their effectiveness (54%) and ability to use polite manners in oral and written speech (21,9%). At the same time, the respondents define general-cultural competencies as more significant. Therefore, the survey results proved our idea that successful online learning requires firstly, a set of general-cultural competences (those which are connected to the learner’s personal development and his/ her subjectness in the learning process) and secondly, a set of general-professional competencies to be formed. This led us to the idea that assessing learner’s level of the general-cultural competences we can predict his/ her future success in taking online courses.
This paper examines the main approaches to the creation of modern foreign language courses”. The authors analyzed approaches to teaching Chinese language, existing in Russia and abroad. Presented results were already obtained in the process of implementing an educational project of the Higher School of Economics named "Speak freely". According to the results of this work authors selected the methodological approach that best suits the purpose of the course. It has been found an effective solution to combine these approaches in a single discipline "Practice of verbal communication in Chinese", that mainly aimed at developing students' communicative competence.