Испания и Европа в годы Французской революции
The main goal of our paper is to analyze Arendt’s idea of the influence of revolutions on the public realm by examining its theoretical and practical scope. In the course of our analysis, we will also answer the question whether Arendt’s understanding of revolution could be used in the modern context. After a critical investigation of Arendt’s idea of revolution and of her thesis about the impact of revolution on the public realm, we will briefly investigate several examples of modern revolutions from an ‘Arendtian’ standpoint in order to draw a conclusion about the current applicability of Arendt’s key arguments concerning violence, power, social issues, collective political action and communication.
History begins in a struggle producing two figures, Master and Slave. It ends in a “universal and homogeneous state”, an Empire. Revolution with its inevitable terror is the central point in this history. Kojève himself had experienced the Russian revolution and Civil War; in 1920 he left Russia for Germany, where till the end of 1923 he had witnessed the same strife between the “left” and the “right”. This experience is the basis of his view of history, his interpretation of the path from Mastery and Slavery to the figure of the Citizen, to universal recognition. The French revolution with the Jacobins’ terror and Napoleon’s Empire represent for him the model by which to understand not only the revolutions of the twentieth century, but of the entire course of history.
This chapter is dedicated to the period of Mikhail Kamynin beeing the embassador of Russian in Spain