Институт омбудсмена и биополитика современного государства: пенитенциарные и миграционные сегменты
In Putin's third term, official rhetoric has become a normative, moralizing discourse promotng Russian tradtional values as opposed to the "moral decay" of the West. This "biopolitical turn" in Russian politics -- a redefining of the boundaries of the Russian political community and extension of state sovereignty into private lives -- is part of the authortarian drift of the Russian political regime.
Love and care “on the distance”: young women in the networks of the prisoners’ support. In the focus of this article are young women, which meet imprisoned men via Internet or telephone, develop later distant relationship and get involved in the female networks of prisoners’ support. The academic interest to this category is coursed by the unusual choice of the partner in the situation when women have a wide range of other opportunities. In the article it will be explored not only the life stories of young women but also the specific of the current prison studies in Russia which are very much underdeveloped. The focus on the “distant wives” and their communication, the waiting regimes and care practices can contribute to the current debates on production of female identity in the conditions of the total transformation of everyday life. This problematic is underestimated and “invisible” both in gender studies, and also in more narrow studies of the specific practices of intimacy in the near/semi/criminal world. The paper is based on the empirical sociological research of the women networks of the prisoners’ support.
Autonomism is a relatively new post-Marxist school, which is still developing fruitfully, providing us with critical account of the modern society. Although autonomists ground on Marxist «axiomatics», they are quite successful in elaboration of their own social theory and terminology. In my article I demonstrate the major concepts, coined by autonomists, which became later the basis for autonomists’ theory, and explain the connection between these notions and significant social phenomena of the contemporary epoch, as well as with the traditional categories of social and political philosophy. Introducing these concepts, autonomists not only set some conventional glossary, but also join the dispute with notable social and political philosophers of the past such as Thomas Hobbes, thus showing historicity of these thinkers’ philosophical views as well and with the help of such deep comparisons, clarifying the key aspects of modernity.
Objective: to identify the diversity of cohesion forms in confi nement institutions. Methods: qualitative analyses based on in-depth semi-structured interviews. Results: the study included adaptation of Western methodologies of the cohesion phenomenon analysis to the Russian reality, and operationalization of the moral bases of group cohesion. This served as the bases for designing a guide for in-depth semi-structured interviews; 10 interviews were conducted with people recently released from general and strict regime colonies. Content analysis of the interviews revealed a number of structural sections that demonstrate the diversity of cohesion forms, alongside with one that is most meaningful to the prisoners and therefore the most well perceived and articulated by respondents. Analysis of the latter allowed to identify a set of groups showing different degree and nature of cohesion. By the degree of cohesion one can identify the poorly cohesive groups ("louts"), moderately cohesive ("reds", "thieves") and highly cohesive ("fi ghters"). By the nature of cohesion in the prisoners’ community, there are both groups united on the basis of social morality ("reds", "thieves") and groups demonstrating a high degree of cohesion based on the social justice morality ("fi ghters"). A detailed analysis of the latter group also showed that the cohesion can have both traits of morality, social justice, and features of social order moral. Scientifi c novelty: using the socio-psychological theory of the moral motives in determining the bases of cohesion. Practical signifi cance: the research results can be applied for the development of socio-psychological techniques for the penal system reform