XV апрельская международная научная конференция по проблемам развития экономики и общества: в 4-х книгах
In the present article, a subtype of readers' letters to Soviet newspapers in 1920ths is analyzed, namely, letters of recantation. This term is used for letters where the author announces his or her resignation from a non-Bolshevist political party. I show that the letters of recantation reflected some important features of the Soviet ideology.
The objective of this paper is to find out which banks the Russian households trust more and whether they really prefer to keep their savings in the institutions that they verbally prefer. Russian households traditionally trust state-controlled banks and particularly the national champion (Sberbank) at the expense of privately-owned deposit-taking institutions. The gap in the level of trust between state-controlled banks and all others remains deep and unlikely to disappear. There is little hope in self-sustaining business of private banks that would rest on the inflow of private savings at reasonable rates. The policy implication of this finding is that the authorities will face the dilemma of ever increasing the level of private savings protection under the deposit insurance scheme (as well as the resulting public costs) in order to keep the smaller market participants afloat, or give up on the idealistic drive to artifically enhance competition in the household savings market.
Cities nowadays compete for the excellence of their human potential providing better quality-of-life on its territories. Quality-of-life estimation is considered to be the performance indicator for city management efficiency. On the other hand, being subjective marker it reflects citizen satisfaction by the urban services quality that includes some extent of various life domains enjoyment. This study has attempted to assess the degree to which the life satisfaction affects the city satisfaction. Research examined perception of urban services quality in the main seven spheres (health care, education, social security etc.) built on survey of residents in Perm. Based on the results achieved we try to highlight the usefulness of the city satisfaction modelling to support the determining of the urban policy priorities.
All contemporary societies are now culturally plural, with many ethnic, cultural, and religious groups attempting to live together in one civic space. The attention paid to how a reasonable degree of mutual acceptance can be achieved among these groups has been extensively examined by many disciplines. Psychologists have also examined these issues, using concepts such as ethnic attitudes, multicultural ideology, perceived threat/security, and prejudice. This study continues this psychological approach, while being rooted in the conceptualizations and findings available from these other disciplines. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia and other former Soviet republics faced new challenges of achieving mutual acceptance and adaptation among members of the larger society (representatives of the ‘host’ nations) and members of other ethnic groups as well as immigrants. In this paper, we portray the current context, including the immigration dynamics in contemporary Russia, as well as a description of migrants and the problems they face. We will then present the theoretical scheme underlying the study, including the hypotheses, the research methods, the main variables and the results of structural equation modeling.
The paper deals with the impact of the economic crisis of 2008–2009 upon gender attitudes of the population of Europe. Crisis touched the economy of most European countries though to a different extent. It influenced objective living conditions of people including the situation in the labor market. The changing economic situation in its turn should affect gender attitudes. In the research we take into account the impact of crisis on both individual and country level. Special focus in the research is given to the impact of gender attitudes of women and those who live in single household with children as these two categories form vulnerable groups. The data of Eurobarometer 2011 serves as a database. The targeted group of population is 18–65. Multilevel regression modeling is used.
The report presents the results of the study of claims-making in the LiveJournal posts about police and prison violence in Russia. The study is based on two cases: violence against the detainee Sergei Nazarov in the police department "Dalny" in Kazan in March 2012, which became the cause of his death, and open letters sent by Pussy Riot member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova from penal colony located in Mordovia in September and October 2013. The data highlight, firstly, the dominant retranslating function of the blogosphere and its weak mobilizing function, secondly, the similarity of rhetorical idioms used in these two cases, in particular, the rhetoric of endangerment (to citizens from authorities) and rhetoric of calamity (focused on Vladimir Putin’s presidency), third, attempts to legitimize violence against detainees and prisoners, fourthly, the systemic bloggers’ perception of processes in Russian police, prisons and penal colonies, fifth, the dominance of civic and sarcastic styles of claims-making in the blogosphere.
This article presents some results of the research "Subjects of sociological research market in Russia: current state and prospects for development", devoted to the study of applied sociology branch (public opinion & market research), which was held by ZIRCON Research Group in conjunction with the HSE Institute for Industrial and Market Studies in October-December 2013. The study is a continuation of a similar study of centers of economic analysis conducted by the HSE and Association of Russian Economic Think-Tanks (ARETT) in 2012.