К вопросу об изучении социально-политических взглядов испанского просветителя Гаспара де Ховельяноса
The article determines the pole and place of Spain in the system of European security in the face of modern challenges and threats. In this regard, the author explores the developments of the Kingdom’s policy in the sphere of international security at the conceptual and practical levels. The attention is paid to the dynamics and direction of the process of armed forces building in Spain. The paper concludes on the perspectives of the country’s participation in the solution of the key problems in the sphere of international security.
On the basis of A. Przeworski’s game-theoretic approach the qualitative transformation of “National Movement” – an authoritarian-dominant party in Franco’s Spain – during the global economic crisis period (1957-1958) is analyzed. The strategies of political factions (the coalition of technocrats-monarchists and postfalangists) were identified as the basic elements of the analysis.
This article analyzes how approaches and methods of the anthropology of time are applied to the Iberian and Latin-American university studies. Though Hispanic scholars interpreted and discussed European and North-American works on anthropology of time, they came to analysis of temporal structures and age rates of academic life basing on regional and national traditions of university studies. The article observes both peculiarity of approaches in various research centers (e.g. Spanish research group «History of culture and universities Alsonso IX» and Mexican Institute of university and education studies) and problems of discipline organization of studies (i.e. separation of history of universities and history of education). University time is studied in bound of various research guidelines, i.e. history of symbolic spatial and temporal categories, history of everyday practices and their regulation, history of rituals. Hispanic sholars analyze problem of academic age-ing in prosopographic studies and in investigations dedicated to collective memory and gaps of continuity. Methods of anthropology of time are also applied to the research of the youth as constructed subject of university social and political life.