Амплификация рациональности в философии Серебряного века: казус когито
The search for the Russian philosophy of its own way of understanding “Self” have identified and detected in the presented concepts. They imply that the philosophy of the Silver Age sought to recapture part of the "territory" of the irrational and to extend the concept of the rational by reviewing the nature and assessment of a number of noetic schemes.
Proceedings of Philisophy of Law International Symposium "Rationality in Law" (Buenos Aires, 5-7 May, 2014)
This paper considers the theory of objects of Alexius Meinong (1853–1920) in the light of discussions between himself and Bertrand Russell at the beginning of XX century. Meinong’s conception has made significant contribution into the problem of nonexistent objects that still remains one of the most debated in contemporary philosophy. Here author aims to show how theory of objects as such came into being and how its main ideas were discussed and criticized in subsequent philosophical thought.
Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.
This work is a methodological and introspective look at one of the most unique figures in Russian philosophy. Often regarded as the Russian Socrates, Merab Mamardashvili was known for his lectures focusing on consciousness as a state, and as a condition relating to existence. Through his lectures Merab was able to contribute greatly to the field of philosophy; however, his preference for this conversational style meant that few works made it into print. Diana Gasparyan's efforts in Merab Mamardashvili's Philosophy of Consciousness aim not only to bring the thoughts and work of Mr. Mamardashvili to a new audience by translating them into English, but also to offer personal insights gained through a series of discussions amongst peers in the field of Philosophy, at institutions of higher learning in Russia and the United States. This work is a unique opportunity to explore the genius of Mamardashvili through the eyes of a contemporary.
The paper focuses on the concept of ‘financial strategies’ and addresses two problems: first, how to define the concepts of financial strategy and strategizing, and second, how to operationalize them into indicators for empirical research. The introduction to this new concept is based on the conviction that strategizing (which is understood as a specific attitude to life held by people who do not live for the moment, think about their future even if it is rather uncertain, set long-term financial goals and act towards achieving them), is an intrinsic factor in the financial behavior of people. It is argued that it is not possible to define financial strategy or to operationalize it objectively and universally since people operate in very different circumstances; i.e. in different institutional environments or at different stages of life, etc. The solution must be found in the interactionist sociological perspective with the emphasis on the construction of the interpretation of a situation: how individuals themselves make sense of financial strategizing in their own environment, the options they perceive and the constraints they feel.
The proceedings of the conference "Rationality in Action: Intentions, Interpretations and Interactions". The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.