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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Модальные предикаты и сослагательное наклонение

С. 150-161.

I consider constructions that involve the modal verb moch' or the modal adjective
dolzhen and the subjunctive particle by. I argue that, with respect
to the subjunctive, these modals behave differently from regular verbs. Their
subjunctive is often functionally identical to the indicative; in contexts where
other verbs obligatorily take the subjunctive form, these two predicates may
use the indicative. The main factor that controls omissibility of the subjunctive
particle is shown to be an epistemic interpretation. I consider some
typical cases where the subjunctive and the indicative are synonymous for these predicates, and those where they are not. Thus, in the apodosis of conditional constructions the particle is often omitted, although, in general,
Russian prefers a symmetrical use of the subjunctive in both protasis
and apodosis. On the other hand, when in the protasis, the particle is not
omitted. The subjunctive is often used with the modals for pragmatic purposes,
such as politeness. The paper is based on the data from the Russian
National Corpus.