Готхольд Эфраим Лессинг
The book contains the contributions of the 13th annual conference Franz Werfel-StipendiatInnen.
The аrticle by Romanchenko Y. Category of precedence in the German religious discourse (based on the believers almanac type of text (Andachtsbuch)) deals with the study of the category of precedence which is predominant in popular theological texts. The author explores a number of sources of precedence, such as the Bible, fiction, precedent names and facts, and points out the ways this categоry is manifested in the text to heighten argumentation potential in religious discourse and to reinforce its pragmatic impact.
The book contains the contributions of the 17th annual conference Franz Werfel-StipendiatInnen.
The understanding of the Austrian modern age in Russia has changed during the last hundred years at least three times. Around the turn of the century of 19-20 centuries remained to the criticism of the modern age in Russia in frame the German education system and education system, which pursued the purpose, to fix national character in the literature. After him in 1917 the literature was valid as means for the ideological fight what has caused a negative appraisal of the Austrian modern age as "a bourgeoisie art". During the last 20 years the ideological function of the literature transformed in an intercultural function which opens the understanding of the own to itself from the perspective of the foreign culture.
The dream as a cultural figuration in Richard Beerhofmann „The death Georg“ permits us to open some row of constants of the modern age in Austria. These constants are Narzissismus, aesthetic perception of the world which stylises of all living to the art object, and disregarding of the social reality. At the example the dream in the work the artistic problems of the modern age are interpreted.
Diderot came to Russia in 1773 with A.V. Naryshkin, chambellan of Catherine II, and in St. Petersburg took advantage of his hospitality, as well as the hospitality of his brother S.V. Naryshkin. Conversations with them have become one of the most important sources of Diderot's information about Russia. Over time, their paths as their ideas about the prospects for the development of Russia, diverged, but their ideas about civilization turned out to be closely connected with their reflections on the “special path” of our country.
The book contains the contributions of the 19th annual conference Franz Werfel-StipendiatInnen.
The understanding the Austrian literary canon in Russia differs substantially from the western understanding. This was caused by different cultural and scientific traditions. The choice criteria in the literature canon in Russia were formulated by the social-historical approach. Besides, a certain hierarchy of artistic systems played an essential role. At the head of this hierarchy there stood always realism. At the moment the canon of the Austrian modern age is in becoming and his creation depends on the choice criteria.
A key characteristic of 18th century literature is its interest in the fortune of a single individual, and The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe by Defoe is a prime example of and a significant contribution to the literature of the Enlightenment period, as it includes elements of autobiography, as well as descriptions of education and philosophy of that period.