История немецкой литературы: Новое и новейшее время
The book contains the contributions of the 13th annual conference Franz Werfel-StipendiatInnen.
The dream as a cultural figuration in Richard Beerhofmann „The death Georg“ permits us to open some row of constants of the modern age in Austria. These constants are Narzissismus, aesthetic perception of the world which stylises of all living to the art object, and disregarding of the social reality. At the example the dream in the work the artistic problems of the modern age are interpreted.
The history of the mankind is closely connected with the universal processes and to a large extent determined by natural laws. History is made up of the process of interchanges of dominance between Countryside (e.g. ancient east societies, early medieval European states), with slow development, and Town (city-states of Antiquity with its protobourgeoisie and electiveness of governmental structures, modern Europe and America), with much more rapid one.
The article focuses on the origins of anarchist individualism theory in the USA. It explores the reflections of the leading proponents of American anarchist individualism on the transformation of natural law and social contract concepts in the XIX c.
анархо-индивидуализм, США, Естественное право, Общественный договор, Просвещение, anarchist individualism, USA, natural law, social contract, Enlightenment
The understanding the Austrian literary canon in Russia differs substantially from the western understanding. This was caused by different cultural and scientific traditions. The choice criteria in the literature canon in Russia were formulated by the social-historical approach. Besides, a certain hierarchy of artistic systems played an essential role. At the head of this hierarchy there stood always realism. At the moment the canon of the Austrian modern age is in becoming and his creation depends on the choice criteria.
Drawing upon exegetical and scientific writings of Isaac Newton, his followers (W. Whiston) and opponents (Ch. Burnet), present study deals with the rise of objectivism – fundamental epistemic principle underlying the modern scientific worldview. The study is focused upon the synthesis of three epistemological principles, which shaped the science of Enlightenment: hermeneutic transparency of text in exegesis, mathematical certainty in natural science, and realistic mimesis in literary criticism. The author also examines the epistemological project, opposed to objectivistic paradigm, that puts together allegory in biblical scholarship, hypothetical method in physic and the primacy of literariness over referentiality in literary theory. Present article seeks to contribute to the genealogy of objective reality – ontological a priori of the modern scientific thought, emerged from the confusion of methodologies and discourses, characteristic to early Modern Times.