The role of question-and-return unity in developing cross-cultural communicative competence (based on English-American mass media)
The paper analyses different types of dialogue unities in dialogue discourse aiming at developing skills of supporting conversation in FL classes at the university. The following types of dialogue unities are subject to linguistic analysis: question-and-return unities, incentive-response, narration-response. Special attention is given to identification of different structural and semantic patterns of information request, types of information request, as well as analyzing means of reconciling the source and the response replicas in the dialogue. The research has shown that 65% of students under analysis failed to perform the given task - to clearly and consistently present well thought out and logically connected questions. Consequently, it is important to develop the group of communicative skills providing creation of utterances of a particular genre. It includes developing an ability of formulating proper questions, ensuring the fulfillment of an intention; asking questions in a necessary logical order; finding certain subthemes of the text and establishing their hierarchy. All the above- mentioned skills make an important part of teaching communicative strategy and dialogue tactics at the university.
Projects and reforms targeting infrastructure services can affect consumer welfare through changes in the price, coverage, or quality of the services provided. The benefits of improved service quality—while significant—are often overlooked because they are difficult to quantify. This article reviews methods of evaluating the welfare implications of changes in the quality of infrastructure services within the broader theoretical perspective of welfare measurement. The study outlines the theoretical assumptions and data requirements involved, illustrating each method with examples that highlight common methodological features and differences. The article also presents the theoretical underpinnings and potential applications of a new approach to analysing the effects of interruptions in the supply of infrastructure services on household welfare.
The paper deals with M. Heidegger’s treatise On the essence of ground (Vom Wesen des Grundes, 1929) which analyzes the essence of principium rationis sufficientis from the perspective of fundamental ontology. The problem of ground discussed in the treatise is related to the following conceptual structure: ontological difference-transcendence-freedom. In my paper, I focus on the question of transcendence which is described as “the basic structure of subjectivity”. In order to clarify Heidegger’s main point regarding transcendence, I introduce the term “interest” and explain how transcendence as the finite human freedom can be the origin of “grounding”.
This article covers project-oriented approach of foreign language studies.
The current transformation of the labor sphere is often inconsistent in the direction and
content of the changes in employment relations and working activity. This has prompted
a revision of the theoretical foundations of the study of values and motives at work.
In this paper, work activity is regarded as a set of value-orientation bases, specific labor
practices and the true motivation of work behavior. In particular, we distinguish between
value dispositions and true work motivation, which depends on specific workplace and
Our survey of 1,423 Russian workers and managers revealed (1) the determinants
of the existing role standards in the work activity of Russian employees, (2) the role of
employees’ value dispositions in these processes, and (3) the importance of the socio-
economic conditions of specific jobs and occupations.
The findings confirm the dominance of materialistic values, although there are
significant differences in the actualization of values focused on personal development
within professional and industrial dimensions. We also find that the orientation towards self-
realization and professional development and the possibility of obtaining new knowledge
and skills are significantly associated with a positive normative model of individual work
behavior. Additionally, we reveal the considerable impact of the work content on the
demonstration of diligent and professional work. Finally, we find that true work motivation
is very much aligned with the norms and rules adopted in particular work environments.