Правовые формы гражданского участия: оценки и перспективы развития демократии в современной России
There are different theories of democracy. Sets the imbalance between legal regulation of popular sovereignty and real forms of civic participation in modern Russia. Determined that the so-called new forms of democracy are: expert activities, lobbying, public hearings, public discussions, public consultations, expert advice, a meeting of officials with representatives of the organizations, the secondment of employees of business structures to the authorities, various other forms of social activity. Specific examples considered are specifics of each of the forms
In September 2009 Russia’s Dmitrii Medvedev unveiled the term that was to become the defining objective of his presidency: “modernization”. Leaving office in the spring of 2012 it was apparent that no serious changes of this kind had taken place, and popular resistance was mounting. Why so? And why has resistance to reform been so significant in postcommunist Russia, not just in this but in other cases as well? The various contributors to this book, drawn from a group of intellectuals who have shaped the discussion in Russia itself as well as leading scholars from other countries, focus on the contested nature of the concept of modernization and the obstacles that arose in attempting to carry it into practical effect – obstacles that leave a challenging agenda for a new Russian presidency in the years to come.
The main focus of this paper is the relation between the realisation of the right of the child to express his/her views and democracy in Russia. With this in view, I will study the interconnection between the right to express the views and the right to participate. Further, I will give an overview of the specifics of democracy in Russia, how they influence political participation, and what could be done to prevent the further infantilisation of citizens in Russia. Finally, I will explore traditional perceptions with regard to children’s participation in Russia and the legal framework and practice of the implementation of the child’s right to social and political participation.