Онтология феномена "здоровье"
HEALTH AND REPRODUCTION ATTITUDES OF THE STUDENTS (RUSSIAN AND BELARUSIAN UNIVERSITIES) (review article) The article considers the issues of health, health behavior, attitudes to abortion and children planning, as well as the reproduction attitudes of students of the Russian and Belarusian universities.
RESEARCH ON THE REPRODUCTIVE ATTITUDES OF THE STUDENT YOUTH (REVIEW ARTICLE) I.B. Nazarova, M.P. Zelenskaya Centre of the social entrepreneurship National Research University “Higher School of Economics” Myasnitskaya st., 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia; Department of sociology, RUDN Miklukho-Maklaya st., 6, 117198 Moscow, Russia Annotation. There have been analyzed and summarized the results of studies on the reproductive attitudes of the Russian universities students which were presented in the works published in the period 2000-2017 concerning those who were born in 1982-2000. Students lack life experience, which allows them to make moral choices under conflicting media information and propaganda of certain values or antivalues in the family, marriage, motherhood (paternity). A low level of students` awareness on the main issues related to planning and creating a family, giving birth to children, taking care of their health is combined with early start of active and risky sex life. Despite the unconditional authority and positive example of parents, most young people independently receive the necessary information about sexual relations, including their negative and painful experience. Now there are three main types of young people. The first one is major: they respect traditional family values, try (or wish) to follow them and to some extent really do it (before marriage as well). The second type is significant: they respect traditional family values but cannot or do not want to follow them (including approving and practicing cohabitation). The third type is within the tenth part: they do not respect and do not follow traditional values concerning marriage and family, refuse traditional values, opposing them: marriage does not matter for them (almost every tenth), they have no desire to give birth, raise a child (to 12%), do not think about the morality of relationships between sexes, polygamy, abandonment of the child and the possibility of abortion. Students indicate the factors influencing (can do it) creation of a family, planning children and their number. Socio-psychological factors: the student's own beliefs, opinion of his close people, limitation of the time resource (including the study-work combination); unplanned pregnancy and treatment of abortion (inadmissibility of abortion); availability and quality of the partner; social and psychological maturity (readiness for marriage); attitude to the future (confidence in it); religiosity; experience (example) of their parents family life. Socio-demographic factors: age (youth); structure of the parents family (the number of children, presence of parents in the family, grandparents). Economic factors: the availability and quality of housing; financial situation. Physical factors: health status. Institutional factors: state family policy, influence of the Church and media, values and traditions in society. Young people form reproductive attitudes - the idea of a family - under the influence of various factors, including values and traditions offered by the closest environment and society. Young people`s beliefs about reproductive attitudes realization show their values. Key words: students, youth, reproductive attitudes, reproductive behavior, values, health, family.
The article is prepared according to the results of the starting research in the field of school children’s health protection culture development. The survey was conducted in six schools of the largest district of St.Petersburg. On the basis of the inquiries amongst the school children, teachers and parents the preliminary conclusions are made and the hypothesis is conceived concerning the inadequacy of contemporary education environment in terms of providing conditions for the school children health protection development.