What Engineer’s competencies for innovation market?
Technical competencies and specific engineering skills alone are not sufficient in the modern labor market but employers expect engineers to actively promote the products they create. Engineers often perceive their skills differently than employers do. Insufficient university training in a number of fields including the development of social, management and communication skills leads to an objective and understandable gap between the perceived and the required levels of such competencies. Based on the results of a survey of 3158 engineers conducted in 2011 in the Russian Federation, the study shows a number of deficits in the perception of innovation skills and the respective demand for these.
India has a growing shortage of skilled workers—caused largely by workforce development and education systems that do not respond adequately to the economy’s needs. To contribute effectively to the innovation economy and capitalize on the growing opportunities of globalization, India’s young workforce must develop skills that are more market-driven. Given expanding trade and globalization, India’s workforce must have skills that are aligned with its transforming economy and can support the country’s continued economic growth. India’s ongoing but incomplete transformation from an agriculture - to a manufacturing - and services-based economy requires training a workforce with distinct skills for a market that increasingly rewards problem solving, communication skills, teamwork, and self-learning. Skills are needed not only by high-skill sectors but also by labor-intensive industries, which require technological developments to be absorbed by a workforce adept in basic technological literacy and key competencies.
The main goals, objectives and results of the ongoing project fulfillment on development and implementation of the automatized system on the collection, analysis and representation of the information about functioning of the structure of the vocational education and training (VTE) system in the Federal subjects of Russia are presented. The features and capabilities of the automatized system for different types of users, methodological and technological aspects of the interaction with users are discussed, some global statistical indicators of education on the VTE programs in the country for 2011-2012, calculated on the base of the data loaded, are given.
This paper dwells on the importance of the elective course for first-year students who have not achieved the necessary level of language competence at school. Lack of knowledge and relevant skills becomes a bar to further progressing both in general and professional language. The paper points out the role of the elective course in developing language competence which will help students to be successful in the professional environment.
The world is changing. From shopping malls to transport terminals, aircraft to passenger ships, the infrastructure of society has to cope with ever more intense and complex flows of people. Today, more than ever, safety, efficiency and comfort are issues that must be addressed by all designers. The World Trade Centre disaster brought into tragic focus the need for well-designed evacuation systems. The new regulatory framework in the marine industry, acknowledges not only the importance of ensuring that the built environment is safe, but also the central role that evacuation simulation can play in achieving this.
An additional need is to design spaces for efficiency – ensuring that maximum throughput can be achieved during normal operations – and comfort – ensuring that the resulting flows offer little opportunity for needless queuing or excessive congestion. These complex demands challenge traditional prescriptive design guides and regulations. Designers and regulators are consequently turning to performance-based analysis and regulations facilitated by the new generation of people movement models.
The Handbook contains data on modern condition and prospects of Russian vocational education.The articles, which were written by officials and directors of colleges, are about the problem of providing proper educational level of graduates according to the economy's demand, state-private partnership in the system of vocational educational training.The hand-book includes the state's statistical data, which characteraze the condition of the vacational educational training system.