Русская посольская документация конца XV–XVIII вв. как источник сведений о праве Крымского ханства
The article is an attempt to clarify specific features of legal regulation of relations between Moscow State and Crimean Khanate – in particular, of attitude of their authorities towards the personal immunity of ambassadors. By two examples of the middle of the 17th cc. author examines on whom the rulers of both states laid the blame for such harm-doing and attempts to explain why authorities of Moscow and Crimea practiced different responsibility for offence against the ambassadorial law.
One of the first more or less extensive Russian official accounts, describing Muscovite embassies to European courts, depicts the mission of Vladimir Plemiannikov and Istoma Maloy to Emperor Maximilian I in 1517. Its reliability can now be examined anew due to several documents recently found (or reassessed) in state archives in Moscow and Innsbruck. This documentary evidence reveals the official report of the ambassadors to be not ingenuous and complete description of all relevant events (as it presents itself on the first glance) but rather a sophisticated construct. The authors' specific narrative strategy was based on selectivity of their account (where dubious episodes were omitted) and accentuation of those sides of their activity, that could show them in the most favourable light (as most devoted and skilful servants) in the eyes of the Grand Duke and his counsellors.
The article focuses on the embassy of Ivan IV (the Terrible) in Regensburg to Emperor Maximilian II in 1576 and on different interpretattions of this event in contemporary texts.