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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Анализ экологической ситуации моногородов на примере г.Выкса

С. 353-356.
Шушарина К. О.

Draw particular attention to the environment , to protect nature and less to interfere with its vital functions - under these slogans will be held in 2013 . Decree of the President of the Russian Federation it is declared "Year of Environment ." In this regard , there is growing interest to the environmental situation , which is exploring , special emphasis is placed on the problems single-industry towns .

Life in mono , and 333 of them in Russia , as already mentioned , depends on one or two companies . All of them during the crisis have come under particular hit . Thanks to government support have managed to create about 60,000 permanent and 190,000 temporary jobs . But generally favorable background unemployment situation is alarming in mono , Vladimir Putin acknowledged . Throughout the country, unemployment is minimal. The registered unemployment rate as of October 1 has averaged 1.3 percent , the overall ILO methodology - 5.2 percent . Compared with the beginning of the year , the registered unemployed become less - not 1.3 million people , and already 1,022 million in company towns , this figure is also reduced , however there now unemployed 104.2 thousand. In 144 monotowns unemployed more than the Russian average . In 44 - in two or more times , and in 14 localities registered unemployment rate exceeded 4 percent . [1]

Considering the Russian company towns , which include Naberezhnye Chelny , Magnitogorsk , Togliatti, deserves special attention Viksa city where Vyksa Steel Works (VSW ) is the main enterprise . According to information obtained from the official website of the urban district administration Viksa , the city's population at 10 March 2013. is fifty-eight thousand six hundred thirty-five people. According to reports , VSW , the average number of employees in 2012. - Twelve thousand two hundred fifty-one people, representing almost 21 % of the total population of the city Viksa . Payroll - 4565928300 rubles, thus , the average salary is 31,058 rubles, which is 50 % higher than the average monthly wage in the Nizhny Novgorod region , and 10% higher than in Russia . [3]