Религиозность и толерантность к осуждаемым религией формам поведения (по материалам Европейского исследования ценностей)
The article relates the concepts of subjective well-being, life satisfaction and existential fulfillment. The author investigates links between subjective well-being, existential fulfillment and religiousness of Russian citizens practicing Islam. It was found that objective indicators of religiosity are significantly linked with all indicators of well-being. Among the prerequisites of existential fulfillment, the meaningfulness of life and the person’s inclusion in a structural context are of greatest importance for Tatars professing Islam.
The paper is a quantitative study of the interaction between religiosity and attitudes towards sexual minorities that can be regarded as a manifestation of social conservatism. The aim of the research is to identify significant differences in attitudes towards homosexuals among believers and nonbelievers, those who attend religious services regularly and those who “believe without belonging”. Country specifics of the interaction are in the focus of analysis, as well as the differences among Orthodox Christians from different European countries. Statistical analysis results suggest that in Western, Northern and Southern Europe differences among religious groups in attitudes towards homosexuals are stable and significant while Russia and Eastern Europe demonstrate only weak differences among confessions and no effect of the degree of religiosity on one’s approval of sexual minorities.
This article scrutinizes personality variable of successful coping with stress termed hardiness (inventors of the term are Susan Cobeisa and Salvatore Maddi, the author of the Russian equivalent zhiznestoikost' is D.A. Leontiev). Thе work offers results of the comparative examination of hardiness in students of an Orthodox university and of secular universities.
The article discusses the concept of "religious person", the substructure of personality religious rights (religious consciousness and religious behavior and religious relations), analyzes the reasons for the classification types of believers, these foreign and domestic authors.