XIII Международная научная конференция по проблемам развития экономики и общества. В 4 кн. Кн. 2.
This empirical paper adds to competition and industrial organization literature by exploring the interplay between industry structure and competitiveness on local, rather than nation-wide, markets. We use micro-level statistical data for banks in two Russian regions (Bashkortostan and Tatarstan) to estimate Herfindahl-Hirschman index, Lerner index, and Panzar-Rosse model. We estimate Panzar-Rosse model in two ways: via the widely used price-equation that accounts for scale effects and then via a revenue-equation that disregards scale effects as suggested by Bikker, Shaffer and Spierdijk (2009). We find both regional markets to be ruled by monopolistic competition, although estimation by revenue-equation does not reject monopoly hypothesis for Tatarstan. Existence of sizeable locally-owned and operated institutions does not necessarily lead to higher competitiveness of the given regional market. Non-structural methods of estimation suggest that bank competition in Bashkortostan is stronger than in Tatarstan.
Research of innovations is of great interest for scientists of different disciplines, which, in turn, leads to the formation of various approaches to the study of innovation and consequently lack of unified point of view about the content of this concept. Various determinants of innovative behavior deserve a theoretical and empirical study. Purpose of the empirical research was to identify the relationships of social capital and attitude to innovations in different Federal districts of Russia.
Сultural differences in implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes toward innovation in three ethno-cultural groups: Ethnic Russians, representatives of the peoples of the Northern Caucasus (the Ingush and Chechens) and Tuvinians (N=804) are identified and analyzed. Individual theories of innovativeness are more pronounced among Ethnic Russians while respondents from the North Caucasus and Tuva prefer social ones. The relations between individual theories and level of creativity, orientation toward future and the index of innovativeness of personality as well as relations between social theories and risk for the success and orientation toward future are revealed.
In Europe the interaction of biker clubs with Christian churches is not surprising, biker churches and services became a usual thing, Catholics and Lutherans, led by their pastors, regularly hold large-scale national motorcycle events. In Russia biker movement emerged as a copy of west motocycle associations, but it gradually acquired its own specific features imposed, in particular, by the interaction between bikers and the Russian Orthodox Church. Such intertwining of Orthodox Christianity and biker clubs generates specific practices such as religious processions on motorcycles, motocycle religious services, motopilgrimages etc. Bikers take active part in patriotic events. Forms of interaction between bikers and the Russian Orthodox Church are the subject of my study.