Комплексная стратегия продвижения СВФУ как центра устойчивого развития территории Дальнего Востока
The development of the Russian Far East, which has been declared by President Putin a “national priority for the 21st century” has so far not fully lived up to expectations. The key problem is that numerous tools for an accelerated development of the region are used without a clear idea of what its future should be like and without an analysis of its competitive advantages and factors that restrain economic growth. This article analyzes these advantages and restraints through the lens of the new international trade theory and new economic geography. The focus is on economies of scale, the use of the advantages of which is a prerequisite for the competitiveness of companies producing manufactured goods. According to these theories, the main obstacles to accelerated growth in the Russian Far East are the insufficient size of the market and the continuous population distribution pattern, a Soviet legacy which makes it impossible to use the benefits of agglomeration.
The 11th International Seapower Symposium in Seoul was organised on Sep. 6th. The theme of the symposium was “Changing Maritime Security Environments and the Role of Navy: Challenges and Opportunities”. There were about six hundred senior officers and scholars from China, the United States, Japan, Russia, England, Australia and the ROK, which discussed principal problems and tendencies of modern maritime security.
The concept of sustainable development of socio-economic systems is being actively developed by the world community. However, its basic provisions require shifting research priorities from the global level to the national and regional ones in order to provide greater management efficiency. The article considers theoretical and methodological approaches to the assessment of sustainable development of socio-economic systems. Sustainable development is seen as a dynamic process of positive changes, which manifest themselves in technological development aimed at harmonizing the relationships between economic, environmental and social spheres to meet the need of the socio-economic system for the long-term existence. According to the author, it is necessary to use static and dynamic approaches when evaluating regional development. The static approach allows for assessing the level of the regional socio-economic system development at any specific time. The dynamic approach provides an opportunity to assess how balanced the dynamics of tempo characteristics of indicators is, both within the social, economic and environmental components of sustainable development and between those components during a certain time period. The procedure proposed by the author to assess sustainable development of regional socio-economic systems implies a particular sequence of assessment stages. Implementation of the static approach is based on application of the method of interregional comparisons. This method implies a comparative analysis of values for sustainable development key indicators with regard to the economic, social and environmental components, standardization of the indicators according to their best values, and calculation of group and integral indices to characterize the level of the region’s sustainable development. Implementation of the dynamic approach is based on application of the method of dynamic standards, which implies certain ordering of tempo characteristics. Implementation of the principles of balance, dynamic comparability and subordination is reflected in the construction of graphs for the dynamic ordering of indicators. Using the graphs, it is possible to make a comparison of the dynamics of tempo characteristics for indicators incompatible with each other, to implement the principle of complexity in the assessment of regional socio-economic systems sustainable development in terms of adherence to social, economic and environmental priorities