Изменения в языковой ситуации в Англии XIV века и их отражение в поэме "Сэр Гавейн и Зеленый Рыцарь"
This paper examines the way the great linguistic changes of the end of the Middle English period, namely, the impact of French, dialect awareness and the emergence of regional standards, influenced the language of sophisticated poets such as the anonymous Gawain-poet.
Variation and variety, basic linguistic notions elaborated, among many others, in Prof. Schweitzer’s works, are addressed in the article in the context of an increase in variation in modern Russian under the influence of global English. The increase in contact-induced variation is investigated in connection with the following: 1) an increase in borrowings and semantic calques from English into Russian, 2) an increase in Russian-English code-switching and code-mixing, and 3) major changes in Russian-English interaction contributing to the change of status of English in Russia and the initiation of a specific regional variety of English, Russia(n) English.
The article presents a review of foreign research studies of the possible effects of bilingualism on different aspects of cognitive development of an individual and on the process of the third language acquisition. Such effects are viewed as positive ones by most authors.