Актуальные вопросы развития национальной экономики. Материалы научно-практической конференции с международным участием (г. Пермь, Пермский государственный национальный исследовательский университет, 6 апреля 2012 г.)
It is considered the question of importance of pharmaceutical branch of Russian economy and the prospects of its development. It is pointed out the demands of the strategic increase for companies-producers of medicine. It is held the analysis of the existing situation in Russian pharmaceutical branch and analyzed the experience of international companies. It is revealed the main drivers of the increase of native pharmaceutical companies and it is suggested the ways to reach them.
The article analyzes and classifies the major historical-economic works written by economists from St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute, and shows their role for the development of the national economic doctrine.
The paper studies a problem of optimal insurer’s choice of a risk-sharing policy in a dynamic risk model, so-called Cramer-Lundberg process, over infinite time interval. Additional constraints are imposed on residual risks of insureds: on mean value or with probability one. An optimal control problem of minimizing a functional of the form of variation coefficient is solved. We show that: in the first case the optimum is achieved at stop loss insurance policies, in the second case the optimal insurance is a combination of stop loss and deductible policies. It is proved that the obtained results can be easily applied to problems with other optimization criteria: maximization of long-run utility and minimization of probability of a deviation from mean trajectory.